The Wolf Intelligencer


Spain – España

Wolves in National Parks, Forests and Reserves of Spain
Picos de Europa National Park / Parque Nacional de Picos de Europa
Wolves in Redes Natural Park / Parque Natural de Redes

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Iberian Gray Wolf (Canis lupus signatus)
Lobo gris

Population Statistics [2,000-3,000?) Censos de lobos en España | Ecologistas en Acción
Las Estadísticas de Población

Legal Status; Wolves are managed separately by region (including national parks) so may be considered a game species in some regions and fully protected in others.
Estado legal

El Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Signatus (Spain)
Ministerio para la Transición Ecológica y el Reto Demográfico / Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge (MITECO)

Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio del Lobo Ibérico (ASCEL) (Palencia, Spain)
Grupo Lobo Euskadi
Amigos del Lobo de Sierra Morena
Grupo Lobo de Portugal
Sociedad Española para la Conservación y el Estudio de los Mamíferos (SECEM)
ADENA (WWF España)
Lobo Marley
Fauna Ibérica

News Resources & Publications
Recursos de Noticias y Publicaciones
Spanish News Today
La Opinion dezamora
lobo | – ag rural

Noticias más recientes


Journal Articles

Wolf (Canis lupus) as canine adenovirus type 1 (CAdV‐1) sentinel for the endangered cantabrian brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos). Oleaga A, Balseiro A, Espí A, Royo LJ. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2022 Mar


Canine adenovirus type 1 (CAdV-1) causes infectious canine hepatitis (ICH) and has recently been described as a cause of death among endangered populations of European brown bear (Ursus arctos arctos) in the Cantabrian mountain range in Asturias, Spain. Sympatric wild and domestic carnivores can act as reservoirs of the virus and likely spread it into the environment and subsequently transmit it to brown bears. The present work investigates the prevalence and geo-temporal distribution of CAdV-1 among free-ranging wolves (Canis lupus) in Asturias from 200 9 to 2018, during which three fatal cases of ICH were reported among brown bears in the region. A total of 149 wolves were analysed in this study, of which 21 (14%) were found to have CAdV-1 DNA based on real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of spleen samples. Prevalence of the virus was similar between males and females. All but one of the 20 CAdV-1-positive animals of estimable age were younger than 2 years, and only one of the 46 adult animals (>2 years) tested positive. Prevalence was highest in the western area of Asturias and during 2010 and 2011. Our results confirm that CAdV-1 is circulating in Asturian free-ranging wolves, supporting their possible role as virus reservoirs and sentinels in the region of this emerging disease in brown bears.

Wolf (Canis lupus) litter size in Spain. Ferreras-Colino E, García-Garrigós A, Gortázar C, Llaneza L. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2021 Apr


Reproductive variables constitute a key information to assess population dynamics and inform wildlife management. We estimated wolf (Canis lupus) litter size and reproductive phenology in Spain between 1987 and 2015 based on foetus or placental scar counts on 75 females. Three out of twenty-five subadults (12%) and 32 out of 41 adults (78%) were classified as reproductive females. The mean litter size was estimated in 35 females, being 5.67 in subadults, based on placental scar counting, and 5.54 to 6.00 in adults, estimated by foetus counting or placental scar counting, respectively. Pregnancy was observed in 13 adults, which were sampled in April (N = 7), May (N = 4) and June (N = 2). Hence, the main mating season was estimated to occur between February and March. To our knowledge, the referred data constitutes the most extensive and updated information available on wolf reproduction in Spain until today.

DECADE OF USE OF DAMAGE PREVENTION MEASURES IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. Cortés, Y., Ribeiro, S., Petrucci-Fonseca, F. and Blanco, J.C., A 2020

Landscape Connectivity and Suitable Habitat Analysis for Wolves (Canis lupus L.) in the Eastern Pyrenees. Garcia-Lozano C, Varga D, Pintó J, Roig-Munar FX. Sustainability. 2020 Jan

Living with Conflicts over Wolves. The Case of Redes Natural Park. Ottolini I, De Vries JR, Pellis A. Society & Natural Resources. 2020 Apr

Lethal management may hinder population recovery in Iberian wolves. Quevedo M, Echegaray J, Fernández-Gil A, Leonard JA, Naves J, Ordiz A, Revilla E, Vilà C. Biodiversity and conservation. 2019 Feb

Toward reliable population estimates of wolves by combining spatial capture-recapture models and non-invasive DNA monitoring. García, E.J., Godinho, R., López-Bao, J.V., Lema, F.J. and Pacheco, C., 2018.

Changes in potential mammal diversity in national parks and their implications for conservation. Estrada A, Barbosa AM, Real R. Current zoology. 2018 Jan

Assessing recent environmental sustainability in the Spanish network of National Parks and their statutory peripheral areas. Rodríguez-Rodríguez D, Martínez-Vega J. Applied geography. 2017 Dec

Conflict misleads large carnivore management and conservation: brown bears and wolves in Spain. Fernández-Gil A, Naves J, Ordiz A, Quevedo M, Revilla E, Delibes M. PLoS One. 2016 Mar

On the path to extinction: Inbreeding and admixture in a declining grey wolf population
D Gómez‐Sánchez, I Olalde, N Sastre… – Molecular …, 2018 – Wiley Online Library

Lethal management may hinder population recovery in Iberian wolves
M Quevedo, J Echegaray, A Fernández-Gil… – Biodiversity and Conservation, 2018

Shepherds’ local knowledge and scientific data on the scavenging ecosystem service: Insights for conservation
Z Morales-Reyes, B Martín-López, M Moleón… – Ambio

Leishmania in wolves in northern Spain: A spreading zoonosis evidenced by;  wildlife sanitary surveillance; A Oleaga, S Zanet, A Espí, MRP de Macedo… – Veterinary Parasitology, 2018

Spatial variability in wolf diet and prey selection in Galicia (NW Spain)
L Lagos, F Bárcena – Mammal Research, 2018

Multimethod, multistate Bayesian hierarchical modeling approach for use in regional monitoring of wolves. Jiménez J, García EJ, Llaneza L, Palacios V, González LM, García‐Domínguez F, Múñoz‐Igualada J, López‐Bao JV. Conservation Biology. 2016 Aug

System for monitoring ecosystem functioning of Network of National Parks of Spain with remote sensing. Cabello J, Alcaraz-Segura D, Reyes A, Lourenço P, Requena JM, Bonache J, Castillo P, Valencia S, Naya J, Ramírez L, Serrada J. Revista de Teledetección. 2016 Jun

Noninvasive heavy metal pollution assessment by means of Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) hair from Galicia (NW Spain): a comparison with invasive samples
D Hernández-Moreno, I de la Casa Resino… – Environmental …, 2013

Genetic epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei in the Iberian wolf in Asturias, Spain
…, J Vicente, S Maione, RC Soriguer, C Gortázar – Veterinary …, 2013

The wild (canis lupus) as a dispersal agent of animal carcasses in Northwestern Spain. de los Terreros JY, Abarzuza LL, Bárcena F. Journal of taphonomy. 2012

Factors influencing wolf Canis lupus roadkills in Northwest Spain. Colino-Rabanal VJ, Lizana M, Peris SJ. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2011 Jun

Surveying wolves without snow: a critical review of the methods used in Spain. Blanco JC, Cortés Y. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy. 2011 Jul

Directional connectivity of wolf (Canis lupus) populations in northwest Spain and anthropogenic effects on dispersal patterns. Rodríguez-Freire M, Crecente-Maseda R. Environmental Modeling & Assessment. 2008 Feb

Prevalence of antibodies against canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus among foxes and wolves from Spain. Sobrino R, Arnal MC, Luco DF, Gortázar C. Veterinary microbiology. 2008 Jan

Dispersal patterns, social structure and mortality of wolves living in agricultural habitats in Spain. Blanco JC, Cortés Y. Journal of Zoology. 2007 Sep

Wolf response to two kinds of barriers in an agricultural habitat in Spain. Blanco JC, Cortés Y, Virgós E. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2005 Feb

Ecological analyses of the intestinal helminth communities of the wolf, Canis lupus, in Spain. Segovia JM, Guerrero R, Torres J, Miquel J, Feliu C. Folia parasitologica. 2003 Sep

Helminths in the wolf, Canis lupus, from north-western Spain. Segovia JM, Torres J, Miquel J, Llaneza L, Feliu C. Journal of helminthology. 2001 Jun

Distribution, status and conservation problems of the wolf Canis lupus in Spain. Blanco JC, Reig S, de la Cuesta L. Biological Conservation. 1992 Jan

Food habits of a wolf population (Canis lupus) in León province, Spain. Salvador A, Abad PL. Mammalia. 1987