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A skin disease of mammals caused by parasitic mites and occasionally communicable to humans. It typically causes severe itching, hair loss, and the formation of scabs and lesions

A predator at mid-level in a trophic system, which is preyed upon but also preys, typically, but not solely on smaller animals. Size and weight don’t determine or qualify a predator as a mesopredator. The status of a mesopredator depends on the apex predator and can change if a new species is introduced or extirpated from an ecosystem

Mexican Gray Wolf
One of the five recognized subspecies of gray wolves found in North America. This subspecies is the most genetically unique and endangered of the five subspecies. Other common names include Mexican wolf and lobo. For more information about the Mexican wolf.

Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan
A document that is prepared by the Mexican Wolf Recovery Team, that outlines the tasks and actions necessary to recover the subspecies within parts of its former range. The original plan was completed in 1982 and is currently being rewritten by the Recovery Team.

adj. [GEOLOGY] of, relating to, or denoting the fourth epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Oligocene and Pliocene epochs. [as n.] (the Miocene) the Miocene epoch or the system of rocks deposited during it. The Miocene epoch lasted from 23.3 million to 5.2 million years ago. During this time, the Alps and Himalayas were being formed and there was diversification of the primates, including the first apes. A cooling period. mid 19th cent.: formed irregularly from Greek ‘less’ + kainos ‘new’.

(2010-04-01). The New Oxford American Dictionary (Kindle Locations 523875-523888). Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.

(Of a group of organisms) descended from a common evolutionary ancestor or ancestral group, especially one not shared with any other group.

Mortality Rates
Annual mortality rate is a percent or proportion of individuals in a population that die each year.

Natal Pack; The basic wolf pack consists of a breeding pair and its offspring, which function in a tight-knit unit year-round. Wolves disperse from their natal pack.

National Forest (United States)
National Forest – An area of public land designated and managed by the federal government (United States Forest Service) to assure an ongoing supply of natural resources. These include grazing land for livestock, minerals, timber and opportunities for recreational and scenic use.

National Park Service (United States)
An agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment.

Near-dispersers; those wolves that attempt to breed with  wolves in neighboring territories through biding, budding, or replacing established breeders.

Negative -assortative mating
Mating in animals with an opposite or different phenotype characteristic such as color.

NMDGF (New Mexico Department of Game and Fish)
One of the state agencies that participates in the management of the Mexican gray wolf in the recovery area.

Nominate Subspecies
In zoological nomenclature, when a species is split into subspecies, the originally described population is retained as the “nominotypical subspecies”[3] or “nominate subspecies”, which repeats the same name as the species.

North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)
A weather phenomenon in the North Atlantic Ocean of fluctuations in the difference of atmospheric pressure at sea level (SLP) between the Icelandic Low and the Azores High. Through fluctuations in the strength of the Icelandic low and the Azores high, it controls the strength and direction of westerly winds and location of storm tracks across the North Atlantic.[1] It is part of the Arctic oscillation, and varies over time with no particular periodicity.