Vocabulary G-H

A-B / C-D / E-F / G-H / I-J / K-L / M-N / O-P / Q-R / S-T / U-V / W-X / Y-Z

G-H

Game Species
An animal hunted for sport. The term game arises in medieval hunting terminology by the late 13th century and is particular to English, from the generic meaning of Old English gamen ;”joy, amusement, sport, merriment”.

General Systems Theory
The interdisciplinary study of systems. A system is a cohesive conglomeration of interrelated and interdependent parts that is either natural or man-made. Every system is delineated by its spatial and temporal boundaries, surrounded and influenced by its environment, described by its structure and purpose or nature and expressed in its functioning.

Genus
A principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family, and is denoted by a capitalized Latin name. Wolves are of the genus – Canis.

Geophagia
The practice of eating earth or soil-like substrates such as clay or chalk. It occurs in non-human animals where it may be a normal or abnormal behaviour.

Gestation period
Fetal development period from the time of conception until birth. For wolves, the full gestation period is 62-63 days. The word “gestation” comes from the Latin “gestare” meaning “to carry or to bear.”

Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
The geographical area including parts or all of: Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, Beaverhead, Gallatin, Custer, Shoshone, Bridger-Teton and Caribou National Forests, and various National Wildlife Refuges; the headwaters of three major river systems: the Yellowstone, the Snake and the Green Rivers; and parts or all of the Salt River, Northern Rocky, Absaroka and Wild River Mountain Ranges. Greater Yellowstone encompasses an area roughly the size of West Virginia and is home to some of the world’s most unique wild lands and wildlife that together constitute one of the earth’s most diverse and dynamic natural regions.
International Wolf Center Glossary

Guard Hairs
The type of hair is the longer and stiffer outer hairs called primary hairs. Primary hairs are also referred to as guard hairs, outer hairs, or outer coat. Guard hairs keep the undercoat from getting dirty and wet from rain or snow.

Habitat
The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.

Hard release
The immediate and direct release of wolves into a new environment. The hard release method was used in central Idaho when wild wolves were brought from Canada and released without spending a period of time in “holding pens.”

Harvest
The intentional gathering of plants and natural resources, and killing of animals. In wildlife management, hunting is one form of harvesting in which animals are killed. The term harvesting is used as a synonym for the word hunting.

Biological, conservation, and ethical implications of exploiting and controlling wolves; GC Haber – Conservation Biology, 1996 – Wiley Online Library