Vocabulary O-P

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O-P

Phylum
Biology. the primary subdivision of a taxonomic kingdom, grouping together all classes of organisms that have the same body plan.

Pleistocene (ICE AGE)
adj. [GEOLOGY] of, relating to, or denoting the first epoch of the Quaternary period, between the Pliocene and Holocene epochs. [as n.] (the Pleistocene) the Pleistocene epoch or the system of deposits laid down during it. The Pleistocene epoch lasted from 1,640,000 to about 10,000 years ago. It was marked by great fluctuations in temperature that caused the ice ages, with glacial periods followed by warmer interglacial periods. Several extinct forms of human, forerunners of modern humans, appeared during this epoch. mid 19th cent.: from Greek pleistos ‘most’ + kainos ‘new’.

(2010-04-01). The New Oxford American Dictionary (Kindle Locations 634542-634557). Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.

Pliocene
adj. [GEOLOGY] of, relating to, or denoting the last epoch of the Tertiary period, between the Miocene and Pleistocene epochs. [as n.] (the Pliocene) the Pliocene epoch or the system of rocks deposited during it. The Pliocene epoch lasted from 5.2 million to 1.64 million years ago. Temperatures were falling at this time and many mammals became extinct. The first hominids, including Australopithecus and Homo habilis, appeared. mid 19th cent.: from Greek ‘more’ + kainos ‘new’.

(2010-04-01). The New Oxford American Dictionary (Kindle Locations 635150-635164). Oxford University Press. Kindle Edition.

Poaching
The act of illegal take of an animal, either one that is taken out of season, by illegal means or methods, or by the fact they are listed as endangered, threatened, or special concern.

“Praxic” Behavior
Visually controlled activities involving the manipulation of the environment:
Motor planning or praxis is the ability of the brain to conceive, organize, and carry out a sequence of unfamiliar actions.

Pre-release facility
A unique facility that is designated by the Service, to be used to maintain any wolf that is going to be released into the wild. Wolves managed at these facilities are not open to the public and manage the species to ensure the highest likelihood of success once in the wild. Wolves that are potential candidates for release into the wild are evaluated based on their genetic makeup, reproductive performance and various behavioral criteria.

Prey Heterogeneity; distribution and density of prey. Wolf prey has highly patchy distribution and has low density.

Prey Renewal; prey turnover. Wolf prey has slow turnover (ungulate).

Prey Richness; amount of food per individual prey. Wolf prey is rich.

Primary Recovery Zone
Recovery zone that allows for naïve wolves to be released. These animals have had no previous experience in the wild.

Primary Recovery Zone
Recovery zone that allows for naïve wolves to be released. These animals have had no previous experience in the wild.