Great Plains Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus) – (Say 1823)
Common Names: Buffalo wolf, Dusky wolf, loafer
Physical description: A Height: 26–38 in (66–97 cm); length: 4.3–6.8 ft (1.3–2 m); tail: 13.8–19.8 in (35–50 cm). Weight: 57–130 lb (26–59 kg). Fur of grizzled gray, white to black or buff with reddish coloring and thick bushy tails that are often black tipped.
Original range – Throughout the United States of America and southern Canada; Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas.
Current range – Within western Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada; Alaska, northern Washington, northern California, northern Idaho, northern Montana, Isle Royale National Park in Lake Superior, and northeastern Minnesota.
Habitat / Ecology / Prey:
Habitat – coastline, wetlands, watersheds, sand dunes, coastal marshes, rocky shorelines, lakeplain prairies, savannas, forests, fens, open tundra
Prey – white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, snowshoe hare, and smaller birds and mammals
Unique behaviors: Readily interbreeds with other subspecies of grey wolf; (C. l. baileyi and C. l. occidentalis), eastern wolves, red wolves and also hybridizing with eastern/red wolf-coyote hybrids.
Legal and Cultural Background:
Keep Michigan Wolves Protected (Lansing, Michigan)
Howling For Wolves (Hopkins, Minnesota)
Northwoods Wolf Alliance (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (Apple Valley, Minnesota)
Timber Wolf Information Network (Wisconsin)
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society: Manitoba (Canada)
Nature Conservancy Canada
Recovery of gray wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: an endangered species success story; AP Wydeven, TR van Deelen, E Heske – 2009 – Springer
Journal / Scientific Publications: