Great Plains Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus) – (Say 1823) Thought to be extinct, but has descendants in Wisconsin, Michigan and Minnesota.
Common Names: Buffalo wolf, Dusky wolf,
Original range – Throughout the United States of America and southern Canada; Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas.
Current range – Wisconsin, Minnesota, Canada. Parts of the Great Lakes area.
Habitat / Ecology / Prey:
Habitat – coastline, wetlands, watersheds, sand dunes, coastal marshes, rocky shorelines, prairies, savannas, forests, fens, open tundra
Prey – white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), moose (Alces alces), beaver (Castor spp.), snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus)
Legal and Cultural Background:
Keep Michigan Wolves Protected (Lansing, Michigan)
Howling For Wolves (Hopkins, Minnesota)
Northwoods Wolf Alliance (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (Apple Valley, Minnesota)
Timber Wolf Information Network (Wisconsin)
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society: Manitoba (Canada)
Nature Conservancy Canada
Recovery of gray wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: an endangered species success story; AP Wydeven, TR van Deelen, E Heske – 2009 – Springer
Journal / Scientific Publications:
The morphological relationship of gray wolves (Canis lupus) in national parks of central Canada. Skeel MA, Carbyn LN. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1977 Apr