Eastern Wolf “Algonquin Wolf” (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon)

By Quartl (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0

Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon) – (Schreber 1775)

Common Names: eastern timber wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf

Overall population:

Physical description:

Original range – Northeastern side of Great Lakes, North America, Canada
Current range – Algonquin Provincial Park, eastern Ontario and south central Quebec.

Habitat / Ecology / Prey:
Habitat –
Ecology –
Prey – white -tailed deer, moose, beaver

Unique behaviors:

Legal and Cultural Background:


Taxonomic/Genetic Information:


Further Reading

Journal / Scientific Publications:

Population Genomic Analysis of North American Eastern Wolves (Canis lycaon) Supports Their Conservation Priority Status
E Heppenheimer, RJ Harrigan, LY Rutledge… – Genes, 2018 – mdpi.com

Ecological niche differentiation across a wolf‐coyote hybrid zone in eastern North America
JA Otis, D Thornton, L Rutledge… – Diversity and …, 2017 – Wiley Online Library

[HTML] Comment on “Whole-genome sequence analysis shows two endemic species of North American wolf are admixtures of the coyote and gray wolf”
PA Hohenlohe, LY Rutledge, LP Waits… – Science …, 2017 – advances.sciencemag.org

Observation of an Eastern Wolf (Canis sp. cf. lycaon) Caching Food in a Sphagnum Bog in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario
PD Moldowan, H Kitching – The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 2017 – canadianfieldnaturalist.ca

[HTML] Whole-genome sequence analysis shows that two endemic species of North American wolf are admixtures of the coyote and gray wolf
JA Cahill, Z Fan, I Gronau, J Robinson… – Science …, 2016 – advances.sciencemag.org

Winter population dynamics between the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon) and the Common Raven (Corvus corax) in Algonquin Park, Ontario
R Lamoureux – Journal of Undergraduate Studies at Trent (JUST), 2016 – ojs.trentu.ca

Resource selection by wolves at dens and rendezvous sites in Algonquin park, Canada
JF Benson, KJ Mills, BR Patterson – Biological Conservation, 2015 – Elsevier

[BOOK] Wolf country: eleven years tracking the Algonquin wolves
J Theberge, M Theberge – 2013 – books.google.com

A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids
JP Pollinger, DA Earl, JC Knowles, AR Boyko… – Genome …, 2011 – genome.cshlp.org

Genetic differentiation of eastern wolves in Algonquin Park despite bridging gene flow between coyotes and grey wolves
LY Rutledge, CJ Garroway, KM Loveless, BR Patterson – Heredity, 2010 – nature.com

Protection from harvesting restores the natural social structure of eastern wolf packs
LY Rutledge, BR Patterson, KJ Mills, KM Loveless… – Biological …, 2010 – Elsevier

Flawed population viability analysis can result in misleading population assessment: a case study for wolves in Algonquin park, Canada
BR Patterson, DL Murray – Biological Conservation, 2008 – Elsevier

Pitfalls of applying adaptive management to a wolf population in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario; JB Theberge, MT Theberge, JA Vucetich… – Environmental …, 2006 – Springe

Genetic nature of eastern wolves: past, present and future
CJ Kyle, AR Johnson, BR Patterson, PJ Wilson… – Conservation …, 2006 – Springer

[BOOK] The wolves of Algonquin Park: a 12 year ecological study
JB Theberge, MT Theberge – 2004 – researchgate.ne

Estimating wolf densities in forested areas using network sampling of tracks in snow
BR Patterson, NWS Quinn, EF Becker, DB Meier – Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2004 – BioOne

A Genetic Assessment of the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon) in Algonquin Provincial Park
SK Grewal, PJ Wilson, TK Kung, K Shami… – Journal of …, 2004 – academic.oup.com

Landscape influence on Canis morphological and ecological variation in a Coyote-Wolf C. lupus× latrans hybrid zone, southeastern Ontario
HJ Sears, JB Theberge… – The Canadian …, 2003 – canadianfieldnaturalist.ca

Forest composition around wolf (Canis lupus) dens in eastern Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario
DR Norris, MT Theberge… – Canadian Journal of …, 2002 – NRC Research Press

DNA profiles of the eastern Canadian wolf and the red wolf provide evidence for a common evolutionary history independent of the gray wolf
PJ Wilson, S Grewal, ID Lawford… – … Journal of zoology, 2000 – NRC Research Press

Assessing potential gray wolf restoration in the northeastern United States: a spatial prediction of favorable habitat and potential population levels
DJ Mladenoff, TA Sickley – The Journal of wildlife management, 1998 – JSTOR

Cross‐boundary management of Algonquin Park wolves
GJ Forbes, JB Theberge – Conservation Biology, 1996 – Wiley Online Library

Patterns of wolf pack movements prior to kills as read from tracks in Algonquin Provincial Park, Ont., Canada
JH Frijlink – Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 1977 – repository.naturalis.nl