The Wolf Intelligencer


Pakistan – پاکستان

Wolves in National Parks and Ptotected Areas
Qurumber ational Park
Musk Deer National Park
کستوری ہرن نیشنل پارک
Saiful Muluk National Park
سیفل ملوک نیشنل پارک
Margalla Hills National Park
مارگلہ پہاڑیوں کا نیشنل پارک
Manglot National Park
منگلوٹ نیشنل پارک
Machiara National Park
ماچھیرا نیشنل پارک
Kirthar National Park
کیرتھر نیشنل پارک
Khunjerab National Park
خنجراب نیشنل پارک
Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park
ہزارگنجی۔ چِلٹن نیشنل پارک
Deosai National Park
دیوسائی نیشنل پارک
Chitral National Park
چترال نیشنل پارک
Central Karakoram National Park
وسطی قراقرم نیشنل پارک
Broghil Valley National Park
بروغیل ویلی نیشنل پارک‎

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Indian/Iranian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes)
Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri)

Population Statistics [Accurate account unknown, but probably a decreasing population due to habitat loss and heavy persecution.]
آبادی کے اعداد و شمار

Legal Status; unknown, some protection
قانونی حیثیت

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA)
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

Pakistan Wildlife Foundation, (Islamabad, Pakistan)
Wildlife Conservation Society Pakistan

Pakistan News Resources & Publications
خبر کے وسائل اور مطبوعات
ڈان کیڈان کی

LATEST PAKISTAN NEWSسب سے زیادہ حال ہی میں خبر

Wolf and Wildlife News from Pakistan

Journal Articles

The human-wildlife conflict in Musk Deer National Park, Neelum Gureze Valley, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. LA Khan, B Ahmad, AA Chaudhary, RA Minhas… – Brazilian Journal of Biology, 2022


Growing human population is a solemn risk to biodiversity at a global level. Massive anthropogenic pressure and invasion in the natural habitats initiated the human-wildlife conflict in rural areas. Present study aimed to assess human-wildlife conflict in Musk Deer National Park (MDNP) from 2013 to 2018. Results revealed an estimated 241784 nomadic and 5589 residential livestock heads grazed in different areas of MDNP during the summer season. A total of 126 heads were depredated by carnivores during the study period. Majority (n=39) of livestock heads were killed in May (n=29). Livestock depredation resulted in economic losses worth 3.115 million PKRs (25744 US$) to the herder community while farmers received 1.629 million PKRs (13466 US$) losses due to crop raiding. Most (64%) of the respondents believed human-wildlife conflict heightened due to scarcity of food or prey in the natural habitats of carnivores. Majority (92%) of the respondents did not like the presence of predators in MDNP. Loss compensation schemes could turn this negative attitude into the positive one and increase tolerance about the presence of carnivores in their vicinity. This study provides an insight into the human-wildlife conflict in MDNP and paves a way for understanding the conflict and conservation of carnivore species in the study area.

Understanding the Dynamics of Human–Wildlife Conflicts in North-Western Pakistan: Implications for Sustainable Conservation.Khattak RH, Teng L, Mehmood T, Ahmad S, Bari F, Rehman EU, Liu Z. Sustainability. 2021 Jan


The high economic costs of human–wildlife conflicts (HWC) hinder long-term conservation successes, especially in developing countries. We investigated HWC by interviewing 498 respondents from 42 villages in Nowshera district, Pakistan. According to respondents, six species—the common leopard (Panthera pardus), grey wolf (Canis lupus), golden jackal (Canis aureus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica), and wild Boar (Sus scrofa)—were involved in livestock predation and crop-raiding. Livestock predation (N = 670) translated into a total annual economic loss of USD 48,490 across the 42 villages, with the highest economic loss of USD 57.1/household/year attributed to the golden jackal. Crop damage by wild Boar and porcupine incurred a total annual economic loss of USD 18,000. Results further showed that livestock predation was highly affected by location, prey type, prey age, and herding practices, while cereals and vegetables were preferred crops for wild Boar and Indian porcupine. The grey wolf was declared as the most dangerous carnivore, followed by the golden jackal and common leopard. Negative attitude about golden jackal and wild Boar prevails among 90% of the respondents of the study area. We strongly assume that the abundance of apex predators can control the economic impacts of meso-carnivores and wild Boar on the community’s livelihood. Keeping relatively smaller herds may reduce carnivore attacks and educating the populous and compensation can minimise negative perceptions of HWC. To reduce HWC in the study area, there should be an incessant and timely coordination between wildlife officials and the local community.

Insight into Occupancy Determinants and Conflict Dynamics of Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Dry Temperate Zone of Hindukush Range. Rehman EU, Din JU, Ahmad S, Hameed S, Shah KA, Mehmood T, Nawaz MA. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2020 Dec

Status and Magnitude of Grey Wolf Conflict with Pastoral Communities in the Foothills of the Hindu Kush Region of Pakistan. Khan TU, Xiaofeng L, Ahmad S, Mannan A, Khan W, Khan AA, Khan BU, Din EU, Bhattarai S, Shah S, Saeed S. Animals. 2019 Oct;

[HTML] Assessment of bias in morphological identification of carnivore scats confirmed with molecular scatology in north-eastern Himalayan region of Pakistan
F Akrim, T Mahmood, T Max, MS Nadeem, S Qasim… – PeerJ, 2018

Species diversity, feeding habits and conservation status of birds in Qurumbar National Park, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. Abbas S, Hussain E, Abbas H, Hussain S, Tabassum R, Khan MZ, Nabi M. Intern. J. Zool. Invest. 2019 Nov

[PDF] Invertebrates and vertebrates fauna of district, Karak, KP, Pakistan
S Noureen, N Khatoon, SU Gul, HU Rehman, S Khan… – 2018

Livestock depredation by large predators and its implications for conservation and livelihoods in the Karakoram Mountains of Pakistan
MZ Khan, B Khan, MS Awan, F Begum – Oryx, 2018

Pastoralist-predator interaction at the roof of the world: Conflict dynamics and implications for conservation. Din JU, Ali H, Ali A, Younus M, Mehmood T, Norma-Rashid Y, Nawaz MA. Ecology and Society. 2017

[HTML] Habitat suitability and movement corridors of grey wolf (Canis lupus) in Northern Pakistan; M Kabir, S Hameed, H Ali, L Bosso, JU Din, R Bischof… – PloS one, 2017

Abundance, distribution and conservation status of Siberian ibex, Marco Polo and Blue sheep in Karakoram-Pamir mountain area. Khan B, Ablimit A, Khan G, Jasra AW, Ali H, Ali R, Ahmad E, Ismail M. Journal of King Saud University-Science. 2016 Jul

Peatlands of Broghil National Park. High-Altitude Rangelands and their Interfaces in the Hindu Kush Himalayas.:139. 2013

Assessment of Canid Abundance and Conflict with Humans in the Hindu Kush Mountain Range of Pakistan. Din JU, Hameed S, Shah KA, Khan MA, Khan S, Ali M, Nawaz MA.Wildlife Biology in Practice. 2013

Flagship Species of the Pamir Mountain Range, Pakistan: Exploring Status and Conservation Hotspots. Din JU.  2013

Status of large mammal species in Khunjerab National Park MM Shafiq, A Ali Pakistan Journal of Forestry – 1998


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