The Wolf Intelligencer




Wolves in State & National Parks, Reguges and Other Protected Areas of Minnesota
Wolves in Voyageurs National Park
Wolves in Superior National Forest
Bear Head Lake State Park, Cascade River State Park, George H. Crosby Manitou State Park, Gooseberry Falls State Park, Grand Portage State Park, Hayes Lake State Park, Hill-Annex Mine State Park, Itasca State Park, Jay Cooke State Park, Judge C. R. Magney State Park, Lake Vermilion-Soudan Underground Mine State Park, McCarthy Beach State Park, St. Croix State Park, Savanna Portage State Park, Temperance River State Park, Tettegouche State Park, Zippel Bay State Park, Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge, Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Rydell National Wildlife Refuge, Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge, Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge, Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Big Bog State Recreation Area, Garden Island State Recreation Area, Fergus Falls Wetland Management District, Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Great Lakes Boreal Wolf (Canis lupus x Canis lupus lyacon)
Eastern Timber Wolf (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon)

Population Statistics  Approximately 2,200-2,300 (2015), 2,655 +/- 700 (Sept. 2018)

Legal Status; federally protected as “threatened” (as of December 2014)

US Fish and Wildlife Service (Gray Wolves in the Western Great Lakes)
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Minnesota DNR – Gray Wolves
International Wolf Center – Minnesota
Long Term Gray Wolf Monitering- Superior National Forest
Gray Wolf – Voyageurs National Park
Voyageurs Wolf Project

International Wolf Center – Minnesota (Ely Minnesota)
Howling For Wolves (Hopkins, Minnesota)
Northwoods Wolf Alliance (Minneapolis, Minnesota)
Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (Apple Valley, Minnesota)
Save Our Monarchs Foundation

Minnesota News Resources & Publications
Duluth News Tribune (Duluth, Minnesota)
The St. Paul Journal (St. Paul, Minnesota)


Wolf and Wildlife News from Minnesota


Journal Articles

Sixty years of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) yarding in a Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)–deer system. LD Mech, SM Barber-Meyer – The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 2020

Berry Important? Wolf Provisions Pups with Berries in Northern Minnesota. Homkes AT, Gable TD, Windels SK, Bump JK. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2020 Feb

Seasonal Cycles in Hematology and Body Mass in Free-Ranging Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) from Northeastern Minnesota, USA. Mech LD, Buhl DA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2020 Jan

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) recolonization failure: a Minnesota case study. Mech LD, Isbell F, Krueger J, Hart J. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 2019 Sep

Injury scores and spatial responses of wolves following capture: Cable restraints versus foothold traps. Gese EM, Terletzky PA, Erb JD, Fuller KC, Grabarkewitz JP, Hart JP, Humpal C, Sampson BA, Young JK. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2019

Do wolves hunt freshwater fish in spring as a food source?
TD Gable, SK Windels, AT Homkes – Mammalian Biology, 2018

How Minnesota wolf hunter and trapper attitudes and risk-and benefit-based beliefs predict wolf management preferences
SA Schroeder, DC Fulton, L Cornicelli… – Human dimensions of …, 2018

M Carstensen, JH Giudice, EC Hildebrand… – Journal of wildlife …, 2017 –

River Otter (Lontra canadensis) Killed by Wolves (Canis lupus) during Winter in Northern Minnesota; TD Gable, SK Windels, IC Rautio

Weekly Summer Diet of Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) in Northeastern Minnesota
TD Gable, SK Windels, JG Bruggink, SM Barber-Meyer – The American Midland …, 2018

Seasonal diet composition of gray wolves (Canis lupus) in northeastern Minnesota determined by scat analysis
Y Chenaux-Ibrahim – 2015 –

Effectiveness of lethal, directed wolf‐depredation control in Minnesota. Harper EK, Paul WJ, Mech LD, Weisberg S. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2008 Apr

Landscape use and movements of wolves in relation to livestock in a wildland‐agriculture matrix. Chavez AS, Gese EM. The Journal of wildlife management. 2006 Oct

Attitudes of rural landowners toward wolves in northwestern Minnesota. Chavez AS, Gese EM, Krannich RS. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2005 Jun

α1-Antitrypsin polymorphism and systematics of eastern North American wolves. Mech LD, Federoff NE. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2002 May

Assessing factors that may predispose Minnesota farms to wolf depredations on cattle LD Mech, EK Harper, TJ Meier, WJ Paul – Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2000 Oct

Wolf and bear predation on White-tailed deer fawns in northeastern Minnesota. Kunkel KE, Mech LD. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1994 Sep

Dispersal of wolves (Canis lupus) in northeastern Minnesota, 1969–1989. Gese EM, Mech LD. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1991 Dec

Effect of snow depth on wolf activity and prey selection in north central Minnesota. Fuller TK. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1991 Feb

Dynamics, movements, and feeding ecology of a newly protected wolf population in northwestern Minnesota. Fritts, S.H. and Mech, L.D., 1981

Ecology of the timber wolf in northeastern Minnesota. Van Ballenberghe V, Erickson AW, Byman D. Wildlife Monographs. 1975 Apr

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