The Wolf Intelligencer


British Columbia

Ecoregions of British Columbia

Muskwa-Slave Lake forests, Northern Cordillera forests ,Yukon Interior dry forests. Alberta Mountain forests, Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests , British Columbia mainland coastal forests, Cascade Mountains leeward forests, Central British Columbia Mountain forests, Central Pacific coastal forests, Central Pacific coastal forests, Fraser Plateau and Basin complex, Haida Gwaii forests, North Central Rockies forests, Northern transitional alpine forests, Okanagan dry forests, Puget lowland forests, Canadian aspen forests and parklands, Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra, Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)

Northwestern Gray Wolf
(Canis lupus occidentalis)
British Columbia wolf (Canis lupus columbianus)
Vancouver Island Wolf (Canis lupus crassodon)

Population Statistics [“Best estimate” is there are 8,500 wolves in B.C., but concedes the true number could range as low as 5,300 or as high as 11,600″]refer

Legal Status; Game species throughout.

British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations

Raincoast Conservation Foundation
Pacific Wild (Denny Island BC, Canada)
Wilderness Committee (Vancouver, BC)
Caribou Rainforest

British Columbia / Canadian News Resources & Publications
CBC News British Columbia (BC Canada)
Vancouver Sun (Vancouver, BC, Canada)
HUFF POST Canada (Canada)
National Observer (Vancouver, BC, Canada)
Times Colonist (Victoria, BC, Canada)


Wolf and Wildlife News from British Columbia

Journal Articles

Resource exploitation efficiency collapses the home range of an apex predator. Dickie M, Serrouya R, Avgar T, McLoughlin P, McNay RS, DeMars C, Boutin S, Ford AT. Ecology.:e3642. 2022


Optimizing energy acquisition and expenditure is a fundamental trade-off for consumers, strikingly reflected in how mobile organisms use space. Several studies have established that.

home range size decreases as resource density increases, but the balance of costs and benefits associated with exploiting a given resource density is unclear. We evaluate how the ability of consumers to exploit their resources through movement (termed “resource exploitation”) interacts with resource density to influence home range size. We then contrast two hypotheses to evaluate how resource exploitation influences home range size across a vast gradient of productivity and density of human-created linear features (roads and seismic lines) that are known to facilitate animal movements. Under the Diffusion Facilitation Hypothesis, linear features are predicted to lead to more diffuse space use and larger home ranges. Under the Exploitation Efficiency Hypothesis, linear features are predicted to increase foraging efficiency, resulting in less space being required to meet energetic demands and therefore smaller home ranges. Using GPS telemetry data from 142 wolves (Canis lupus) distributed over more than 500,000 km2, we found that wolf home range size was influenced by the interaction between resource density and exploitation efficiency. Home range size decreased as linear feature density increased, supporting the Exploitation Efficiency Hypothesis. However, the effect of linear features on home range size diminished in more productive areas, suggesting that exploitation efficiency is of greater importance when resource density is low. These results suggest that smaller home ranges will occur where both linear feature density and primary productivity are higher, thereby increasing regional wolf density.

[HTML] Proactive conservation of high-value habitat for woodland caribou and grizzly bears in the boreal zone of British Columbia, Canada
N Suzuki, KL Parker – Biological Conservation, 2019 – Elsevier

Vegetation and prescribed fire: Implications for stone’s sheep and Elk
KL Sittler, KL Parker… – The Journal of Wildlife …, 2019 – Wiley Online Library

Staqeya: the lone wolf at the edge of its ecological niche; Dylan Collins, Cheryl Alexander, Chris T. Darimont; The Ecological Society of America, 10 September 2018

[PDF] Experimental moose reduction lowers wolf density and stops decline of endangered caribou; R Serrouya, BN McLellan, H van Oort, G Mowat… – PeerJ Preprints, 29 August 2017

[HTML] Population genetic structure of gray wolves (Canis lupus) in a marine archipelago suggests island-mainland differentiation consistent with dietary niche
AV Stronen, EL Navid, MS Quinn… – BMC …, 2014 –

[PDF] … distribution and movement ecology of wolves (Canis lupus) and woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in the South Peace region of British Columbia
E Williamson-Ehlers – 2012 –

[HTML] Going coastal: shared evolutionary history between coastal British Columbia and Southeast Alaska wolves (Canis lupus); BV Weckworth, NG Dawson, SL Talbot, MJ Flamme… – PLoS …, 2011 –

Using stable isotopes to define diets of wolves in northern British Columbia, Milakovic B, Parker KL. Canada. Journal of Mammalogy. 2011 Apr

The genetic legacy of extirpation and re-colonization in Vancouver Island wolves. Munoz-Fuentes V, Darimont CT, Paquet PC, Leonard JA. Conservation Genetics. 2010 Apr

Ecological factors drive differentiation in wolves from British Columbia; V Muñoz‐Fuentes, CT Darimont… – Journal of …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library

Ecological interactions of mountain caribou, wolves and moose in the North Columbia Mountains, British Columbia (Doctoral dissertation, University of Alberta). Stotyn, S.A., 2008

Mountain caribou interactions with wolves and moose in central British Columbia. Alces: Seip DR. A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of moose. 2008

Management and challenges of the mountain pine beetle infestation in British Columbia
C Ritchie – Alces: A Journal Devoted to the Biology and …, 2008 –

[HTML] Spawning salmon disrupt trophic coupling between wolves and ungulate prey in coastal British Columbia; CT Darimont, PC Paquet, TE Reimchen – BMC ecology, 2008 –

Mortality sources and spatial partitioning among mountain caribou, moose, and wolves in the north Columbia Mountains, British Columbia. Stotyn SA, McLellan BN, Serrouya R. Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, Nelson, BC. 2007 Sep.

Early ontogenetic diet in gray wolves, Canis lupus, of coastal British Columbia; HM Bryan, CT Darimont… – The Canadian Field …, 2006 –

Population dynamics of the endangered mountain ecotype of woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in British Columbia, Canada. Wittmer HU, McLellan BN, Seip DR, Young JA, Kinley TA, Watts GS, Hamilton D. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2005 Mar

Predators in natural fragments: foraging ecology of wolves in British Columbia’s central and north coast archipelago; CT Darimont, MHH Price, NN Winchester… – Journal of …, 2004 – Wiley Online Library

Foraging behaviour by gray wolves on salmon streams in coastal British Columbia
CT Darimont, TE Reimchen… – Canadian Journal of …, 2003 – NRC Research Press

[PDF] Gray wolves, Canis lupus, of British Columbia’s Central and North Coast: distribution and conservation assessment;  CT Darimont, PC Paquet – Canadian Field Naturalist, 2002 –

The gray wolves (Canis lupus) of British Columbia’s coastal rainforests; CT Darimont, PC Paquet – 2001 –

Habitat factors affecting vulnerability of moose to predation by wolves in southeastern British Columbia. Kunkel KE, Pletscher DH. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2000 Feb

Highway effects on gray wolves within the Golden Canyon, British Columbia. Callaghan C, Paquet P, Wierzchowski J. InProceedings of the Third International Conference on Wildlife Ecology and Transportation 1999 Sep

Wolf predation in a multiple-ungulate system in northern British Columbia; AT Bergerud, JP Elliott – Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1998 – NRC Research Press

Predation by wolves and other large carnivores in northwestern Montana and southeastern British Columbia. Kunkel, K.E., 1997.

Winter habitat selection by wolves in the North Fork of the Flathead River Basin Montana and British Columbia. Singleton, P.H., 1995.

Factors limiting woodland caribou populations and their interrelationships with wolves and moose in southeastern British Columbia. Seip DR. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1992 Aug

Dynamics of caribou and wolves in northern British Columbia. Bergerud AT, Elliot JP. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1986 Jul

%d bloggers like this: