Michigan / Minnesota / Wisconsin / Illinois / Indiana / Nebraska / North Dakota / South Dakota / Iowa

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Great Plains Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus)
Eastern Timber Wolf (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon)

Population Statistics 905 count (2017-2018) [nearly 900; in 222 packs (2016)]

Legal Status; protected under Endangered Species Act (September 2014)

US Fish and Wildlife Service (Gray Wolves in the Western Great Lakes)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Timber Wolf Information Network (Wisconsin)

Friends of The Wisconsin Wolf & Wildlife

Wisconsin News Resources & Publications
On Wisconsin (UW – Madison, Wisconsin)
The Cap Times (Madison, Wisconsin)
Wisconsin State Journal (Madison, Wisconsin)
Wisc News (Baraboo, Beaver Dam, Portage, Wisconsin)
WIFC (Wausau, Wisconsin)
Wisconsin Public Radio (Wisconsin)
Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin)


Journal Articles

A landscape of overlapping risks for wolf-human conflict in Wisconsin, USA. Olson ER, Van Deelen TR, Wydeven AP, Ruid DB, MacFarland DM, Ventura SJ. Journal of Environmental Management. 2019 Oct

Compensatory mortality in a recovering top carnivore: wolves in Wisconsin, USA (1979–2013)
JL Stenglein, AP Wydeven, TR Van Deelen – Oecologia, 2018 – Springer

Risk map for wolf threats to livestock still predictive 5 years after construction. Treves A, Rabenhorst MF. PloS one. 2017 Jun

HTML] Blood may buy goodwill: no evidence for a positive relationship between legal culling and poaching in Wisconsin
A Stien – Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological …, 2017 – royalsocietypublishing.org

Gray wolf mortality patterns in Wisconsin from 1979 to 2012
A Treves, JA Langenberg, JV López-Bao… – Journal of …, 2017 – academic.oup.com

Changes in attitudes toward wolves before and after an inaugural public hunting and trapping season: early evidence from Wisconsin’s wolf range
J Hogberg, A Treves, B Shaw… – Environmental …, 2016 – cambridge.org

Estimating the Age of Male Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) Using Baculum Measurements
LR Walleser, SM Crimmins… – The Canadian Field …, 2016 – canadianfieldnaturalist.ca

Pendulum swings in wolf management led to conflict, illegal kills, and a legislated wolf hunt
ER Olson, JL Stenglein, V Shelley… – Conservation …, 2015 – Wiley Online Library

Wisconsin wolf management: a cauldron of controversy
LD Mech – Conflicts in Conservation: Navigating Towards …, 2015 – books.google.com

Tolerance of wolves in Wisconsin: a mixed-methods examination of policy effects on attitudes and behavioral inclinations
C Browne-Nuñez, A Treves, D MacFarland… – Biological …, 2015 – Elsevier

Mortality patterns and detection bias from carcass data: an example from wolf recovery in Wisconsin
JL Stenglein, TR Van Deelen… – The Journal of …, 2015 – Wiley Online Library

Wolves, lone and pack: Ojibwe treaty rights and the Wisconsin wolf hunt. Sanders JD. Wis. L. REv.. 2013

The price of tolerance: wolf damage payments after recovery. Treves A, Jurewicz RL, Naughton-Treves L, Wilcove DS. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2009 Dec

Paying for tolerance: rural citizens’ attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation. NAUGHTON‐TREVES LI, Grossberg R, Treves A. Conservation biology. 2003 Dec

Road density as a factor in habitat selection by wolves and other carnivores in the Great Lakes Region
BE Kohn, R Thiel, JL Hansen – Carnivore Conservation in …, 2001 – deepblue.lib.umich.edu