Wolf Species

The categories listed here based on taxonomy are listed so for the sake of geography and the interest of the regions that wolves inhabit. Taxonomy is just nomenclature, which is a human construct and should only be taking as spatiotemporal description – not definition.

Grey Wolf  (Canis lupus)


Eurasion Wolf (Canis lupus lupus) – NOMINATE SUBSPECIES (Linnaeus 1758)
Tundra Wolf (Canis lupus albus) – (Kerr 1792)
Indian/Iranian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) – (Sykes 1831)
Steppe Wolf (Canis lupus campestris) – (Dwigubski 1804)
Arabian Wolf (Canis lupus arabs) – (Pocock 1934)
Italian Wolf (Canis lupus italicus)(Altobello, 1921)
Iberian Wolf (Canis lupus signatus) – (Cabrera 1907)
Himalayan/Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri) – (Gray 1863)
Mongolian Wolf (Canis lupus chanco)
Domestic Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)– (Linnaeus 1758)

Extinct Old World Subspecies
Hokkaido Wolf (Canis lupus hattai) – (Kishida 1931)
Japanese Wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax) – (Temminck 1839)


Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos)  – (Pockock 1935)
Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi ) – (Nelson and Goldman 1929)
Great Plains Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus) – (Say 1823)
Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus) – (Goldman 1937)
Labrador Wolf (Canis lupus labradorius) – (Goldman 1937)
Alexander Archipelago Wolf (Canis lupus ligoni) – (Goldman 1937)
-syn. British Columbia Wolf (Canis lupus columbianus) – (Goldman 1941)
-syn. Vancouver Island Wolf (Canis lupus crassodon) – (Hall 1932)
Northwestern Wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis) – (Richardson 1829)
-syn. Hudson Bay Wolf (Canis lupus hudsonicus) – (Goldman 1941)
-syn. Mackenzie River Wolf (Canis lupus mackenzii) – (Anderson 1943)
-syn. Yukon Wolf (Canis lupus pambasileus) – (Elliot 1905)
-syn. Alaskan tundra Wolf (Canis lupus tundrarum) – (Miller 1912)
Baffin Island Wolf (Canis lupus manningi) – (Anderson 1943)
Greenland Wolf (Canis lupus orion) – (Pocock 1935)

Extinct New World Subspecies

Manitoba Wolf (Canis lupus griseoalbus) – (Baird 1858)
Kenai Peninsula Wolf (Canis lupus alces) – (Goldman 1941)
Newfoundland Wolf (Canis lupus beothucus)- (G. M. Allen and Barbour, 1937)
Bernard’s Wolf (Canis lupus bernardi) – (Anderson 1943)
Cascade Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus fuscus)- (Richardson 1839)
Mogollon mountain Wolf (Canis lupus mogollonensis)- (Goldman 1937)
Texas Wolf (Canis lupus monstrabilis)- (Goldman 1937)
Southern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus youngi) – (Goldman 1937)


Eastern Wolf – Algonquin Wolf (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon) – (Schreber 1775)
Dingo ( Canis dingo, Canis lupus dingo) – (Meyer 1793)
Himalayan/Tibetan Wolf (Canis himalayensis) – (Brian Houghton Hodgson)
Indian Wolf (Canis indica)

Extinct and Taxonomically Challenged
Florida black Wolf (Canis rufus floridanus) – (Miller 1912)

RED WOLF  (Canis rufus)

Red Wolf (Canis lupus rufus, Canis rufus)  – (Audubon and Bachman)
Gregory’s Wolf (Canis rufus gregoryi) – (Goldman 1937)


African Golden Wolf (Canis anthus)- (Cuvier 1820)
Algerian Wolf (Canis anthus algirensis) – (Wagner 1841)
Senegalese Wolf (Canis anthus anthus) – (Cuvier 1820)
Serengeti Wolf (Canis anthus bea)- (Heller 1814)
Egyptian Wolf (Canis anthus lupaster)- (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833)
Variegated Wolf (Canis anthus soudanicus) – (Thomas, 1903)

ETHIOPIAN WOLF (Canis simensis)

Northern Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis simensis) NOMINATE SUBSPECIES(Rüppell, 1840)
Southern Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis citernii) – (de Beaux, 1922)


Cape wild dog (Lycaon pictus pictus)
East African wild dog (Lycaon pictus lupinus)
West African wild dog (Lycaon pictus manguensis)
Shari River hunting dog (Lycaon pictus sharicus)
Somali wild dog (Lycaon pictus somalicus)

Honorary to the list..,.

Common Raven (Corvus corax)