The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Wolf Species and Other Canids

The categories listed here based on taxonomy are listed so for the sake of calling out biodiversity, the local geography and the interest of the regions that wolves and other canids inhabit. Taxonomy is nomenclature – a naming system, which is a human construct and should only be taken albeit much appreciated as spatiotemporal description.

GRAY WOLF (Canis lupus)

Eurasion Wolf (Canis lupus lupus) – NOMINATE SUBSPECIES (Linnaeus 1758)
-syn, Italian Wolf (Canis lupus italicus)(Altobello, 1921)
-syn, Iberian Wolf (Canis lupus signatus) – (Cabrera 1907)
-syn,Tundra Wolf (Canis lupus albus) – (Kerr 1792)
-syn, Steppe Wolf (Canis lupus campestris) – (Dwigubski 1804)

Indian / Persian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) – (Sykes 1831)
-syn. Indian Wolf (Canis indica)
-syn, Arabian Wolf( Canis lupus arabs) – (Pocock 1934)

Himalayan Wolf  (Canis himalayensis)(Brian Houghton Hodgson)
-syn. Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri) – (Gray 1863)

Mongolian Wolf (Canis lupus chanco)

Domestic Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)– (Linnaeus 1758)
Dingo ( Canis dingo, Canis lupus dingo) – (Meyer 1793)

Extinct
Hokkaido Wolf (Canis lupus hattai) – (Kishida 1931)
Japanese Wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax) – (Temminck 1839)

Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos)  – (Pockock 1935)
-syn. Greenland Wolf (Canis lupus orion) – (Pocock 1935)
-syn. Baffin Island Wolf (Canis lupus manningi) – (Anderson 1943)

Coastal Wolves
-syn.Alexander Archipelago Wolf (Canis lupus ligoni) – (Goldman 1937)
-syn. British Columbia Wolf (Canis lupus columbianus) – (Goldman 1941)
-syn. Vancouver Island Wolf (Canis lupus crassodon) – (Hall 1932)

Northwestern Wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis) – (Richardson 1829)
-syn. Hudson Bay Wolf (Canis lupus hudsonicus) – (Goldman 1941)
-syn. Mackenzie River Wolf (Canis lupus mackenzii) – (Anderson 1943)
-syn. Yukon Wolf (Canis lupus pambasileus) – (Elliot 1905)
-syn. Alaskan tundra Wolf (Canis lupus tundrarum) – (Miller 1912)
-syn. Labrador Wolf (Canis lupus labradorius) – (Goldman 1937)

Eastern Wolf – Algonquin Wolf (Canis lycaon, Canis lupus lycaon) – (Schreber 1775)

Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus) – (Goldman 1937)

Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi ) – (Nelson and Goldman 1929)

Extinct
Great Plains Wolf (Canis lupus nubilus) – (Say 1823)
Manitoba Wolf (Canis lupus griseoalbus) – (Baird 1858)
Kenai Peninsula Wolf (Canis lupus alces) – (Goldman 1941)
Newfoundland Wolf (Canis lupus beothucus)- (G. M. Allen and Barbour, 1937)
Bernard’s Wolf (Canis lupus bernardi) – (Anderson 1943)
Cascade Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus fuscus)- (Richardson 1839)
Mogollon mountain Wolf (Canis lupus mogollonensis)- (Goldman 1937)
Texas Wolf (Canis lupus monstrabilis)- (Goldman 1937)
Southern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus youngi) – (Goldman 1937)
Florida black Wolf (Canis rufus floridanus) – (Miller 1912)

RED WOLF  (Canis rufus)

Red Wolf (Canis lupus rufus, Canis rufus)  – (Audubon and Bachman)
Gregory’s Wolf (Canis rufus gregoryi) – (Goldman 1937)

COYOTE (Canis latrans)

Western Coyote (Canis latrans)
Eastern Coyote (Canis latrans)

NEW GUINEA SINGING DOG (Canis hallstromi)

GOLDEN JACKAL (Canis aureus)

AFRICAN GOLDEN WOLF (Canis anthus)

African Golden Wolf (Canis anthus)- (Cuvier 1820)
Algerian Wolf (Canis anthus algirensis) – (Wagner 1841)
Senegalese Wolf (Canis anthus anthus) – (Cuvier 1820)
Serengeti Wolf (Canis anthus bea)- (Heller 1814)
Egyptian Wolf (Canis anthus lupaster)- (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833)
Variegated Wolf (Canis anthus soudanicus) – (Thomas, 1903)
Somali wolf (Canis anthus riparius)

ETHIOPIAN WOLF (Canis simensis)

Northern Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis simensis) NOMINATE SUBSPECIES(Rüppell, 1840)
Southern Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis citernii) – (de Beaux, 1922)

AFRICAN PAINTED WOLF (Lyacon pictus)

Cape wild dog (Lycaon pictus pictus)
East African wild dog (Lycaon pictus lupinus)
West African wild dog (Lycaon pictus manguensis)
Shari River hunting dog (Lycaon pictus sharicus)
Somali wild dog (Lycaon pictus somalicus)

BLACK – BACKED JACKAL (Canis mesomelas)

Cape black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas mesomelas)
East African black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas schmidti)

SIDE – STRIPED JACKAL (Canis adustus)

Sundevall’s side-striped jackal (Canis adustus adustus)
Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus bweha)
Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus centralis)
Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus grayi)
Kaffaside-striped jackal (Canis adustus kaffensis)
Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus lateralis)
East African side-striped jackal (Canis adustus notatus)

DHOLE (Cuon alpinus)

MANED WOLF (Chrysocyon brachyurus)

BUSH DOG (Speothos venaticus)

Honorary to the list..,.

Common Raven (Corvus corax)

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