Italian Wolf (Canis lupus italicus)

Image Source

Italian Wolf (Canis lupus italicus)(Altobello, 1921)

Common Names: Apennine Wolf

Overall population: unknown 500-2000?

Physical description:
Size- Differing cites give an extended size range of 55lbs-88lbs (25kg-40kg (up to 99kg for large males)). Length range is 44in-60in (110cm – 150cm). Shoulder height (50cm-70cm)
Color/Fur- Grey and brown/tawny fur, which reddens in the summer. “The belly and cheeks are more lightly coloured and dark bands are present on the back, tail tip and occasionally along the forelimbs. Black wolves have been reported in the north-central Apennine.” [cite, Wikipedia]

Original rangeWidespread on the Italian peninsula including Sicily. (Until mid-1800’s)
Current rangeA 2016 survey conducted by ISPRA (Istituto superiore per la protezione e la ricerca ambientale) showed that there were probably between 1,269-1,800 wolves in Italy in 2009-2013, a figure which is likely to be an underestimation. It was estimated that 57-89 inhabited the alps, 1,037-1381 in the north-central Apennines, and 175-330 in the southern Apennines.[cite: Wikipedia] Southern France and areas of Switzerland.

Habitat / Ecology: Mountains

Unique behaviors:

Legal and Cultural Background:
Legally protected as of July 23, 1971

Canislupus Italia (Firenzuola (Firenze, Italy).
LIFE MEDWOLF (Roma, Italy)

Taxonomic/Genetic Information:


Further Reading

Journal / Scientific Publications:
Galaverni, Marco; Caniglia, Romolo; Fabbri, Elena; Milanesi, Pietro; Randi, Ettore (2016). “One, no one, or one hundred thousand: how many wolves are there currently in Italy?.”. Mammal Research. 61: 13–24. doi:10.1007/s13364-015-0247-8.

Nowak, R. M.; Federoff, N. E. (2002). “The systematic status of the Italian wolf Canis lupus”. Acta Theriologica. 47 (3): 333–338. doi:10.1007/bf03194151.

Viviani, Alessia; Gazzola, Andrea; Scandura, Massimo (2006), “Il Lupo: Un predatore sociale ed adattabile”, in Apollonio, Marco; Mattioli, Luca, Il Lupo in provincia di Arezzo (in Italian), Montepulciano (SI): Editrice Le Balze, pp. 29–43.