Washington / Oregon / California

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Northwestern Gray Wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis)
Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus)

Population Statistics April 2015 February 2016 (68), October 2016 – June 2017 (95)

Legal Status; In western 2/3’s federally protected under ESA, east WA-state managed.

U S Fish and Wildlife Service (Grey wolves in Northern Rocky Mountains)
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Conservation Northwest (Bellingham, Seattle, Washington)
Pacific Wolf Coalition (Washington, Oregon, California)
Gifford Pinchot Task Force (Vancouver, WA)
Washington Chapter Sierra Club (Washington State)
The Lands Council (Spokane, Wa)

Washington News Resources & Publications
The Daily Herald (Everett, Washington)
Capitol Press (Washington)
The Seattle Times (Seattle, Washington)


Journal Articles

Natural re-colonization and admixture of wolves (Canis lupus) in the US Pacific Northwest: challenges for the protection and management of rare and endangered taxa;
SA Hendricks, RM Schweizer, RJ Harrigan… – Heredity, 2018 – nature.com

Impacts of recolonizing gray wolves (Canis lupus) on survival and mortality in two sympatric ungulates
J.A. Dellinger,*a C.R. Shores,a M. Marsh,b M.R. Heithaus,c W.J. Ripple,d A.J. Wirsinga; Journal of Zoology, 2018 – NRC Research Press

Forecasting cattle depredation risk by recolonizing gray wolves
ZL Hanley, HS Cooley, BT Maletzke, RB Wielgus – Wildlife Biology, 2018 – BioOne