The Wolf Intelligencer



Ecoregions of Ontario

Central Canadian Shield forests, Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, Southern Hudson Bay taiga, Eastern forest–boreal transition, Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests, Southern Great Lakes forests, Western Great Lakes forests

Wolves in Protected Areas of Ontario
Wolves in Algonquin Provincial Park
Killarney Provincial Park
French River Provincial Park
Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park
Kawartha Highlands Provincial Park
Slate Islands Provincial Park

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Loup Gris (Francais)
Hudson Bay Wolf (Canis lupus hudsonicus)
Great Lakes Boreal Wolf (Canis lupus x Canis lycaon)
Eastern Timber Wolf  / Algonquin Wolf  (Canis lycaon or Canis lupus lycaon)

Population Statistics [Gray Wolf 9,600, estimate] No one really knows.
Statistiques Démographiques

“In order to estimate the maximum number of Eastern Wolves within the extent of occurrence, the total area of the extent of occurrence (126,573 km²) was multiplied by the estimated density of wolves in Algonquin Provincial Park (3.0 individuals/100 km2 x 69% = 2.07 individuals/100 km2). It was thus estimated that the number of Eastern Wolves within the extent of occurrence was between 450 and 2,620 individuals, 205 to 1,203 of that number being mature individuals.20 The estimation of the upper value of the range was based on the assumption that Eastern Wolf density throughout the extent of occurrence is equivalent to that observed in Algonquin Provincial Park, which is unlikely. Given the threats to the Eastern Wolf outside protected areas, the number of mature individuals is probably closer to the lower value of the range and is very likely below 1000 (COSEWIC 2015).”

Environment and Climate Change Canada. 2017. Management Plan for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lupus lycaon) in Canada [Proposed], Species at Risk Act Management Plan Series, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Ottawa, vi + 52 p.

Legal Status; Gray Wolf – Game Species, Eastern Wolf – “Threatened”
Statut Légal; Espèces de gibier.

Government of Ontario
Gouvernement de l’Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources Ontario
Parcs Canada
SNAP Societe Pour La Nature Et Les Parcs du Canada

Wolves Ontario
Haliburton Forest Wolf Centre (Ontario)
EarthRoots Wolves Ontario
Ontario Nature (Toronto, Ontario)

Ontario / Canadian News Resources & Publications
Ressources et des Publications
CBC News Thunder Bay (Thunder Bay, Ontario)
NOW (Toronto, Ontario)
Toronto Star (Toronto, Ontario)
Frontenac News (Sharbot Lake, Ontario)


Wolf and Wildlife News from Ontario

Journal Articles

Functional Changes to the Slate Islands Provincial Park Ecosystem with Successive Arrival of Wolves, Canis lupus, from the Lake Superior Coast. Bergerud AT, McLaren BE, Dalton W, Camps L, Butler H, Ferguson RS. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 2020

Resource selection at homesites by wolves and eastern coyotes in a Canis hybrid zone. Oliveira T, Benson JF, Thompson C, Patterson BR. Ecosphere. 2020 Dec

Black bear (Ursus americanus) and wolf (Canis spp.) summer diet composition and ungulate prey selectivity in Ontario, Canada
JN Popp, J Hamr, JL Larkin, FF Mallory – Mammal Research, 2018

Diet of Grey Wolves (Canis lupus) During Calving in a moose–Caribou System in Northern Ontario; R Found, AAD McLaren, AR Rodgers, BR Patterson – The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 2018

Wolves adapt territory size, not pack size to local habitat quality. Kittle AM, Anderson M, Avgar T, Baker JA, Brown GS, Hagens J, Iwachewski E, Moffatt S, Mosser A, Patterson BR, Reid DE. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2015 Sep

Genetic characterization of hybrid wolves across Ontario. Wilson PJ, Grewal SK, Mallory FF, White BN. Journal of Heredity. 2009 Jun

Landscape influence on Canis morphological and ecological variation in a Coyote-Wolf C. lupus× latrans hybrid zone, southeastern Ontario. Sears HJ, Theberge JB, Theberge MT, Thornton I, Campbell GD. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 2003

Response by wolves to prey variation in central Ontario. Forbes GJ, Theberge JB. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1996 Aug

Wolves and coyotes in Ontario: morphological relationships and origins. Schmitz OJ, Kolenosky GB. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1985 May

Radio-tracking timber wolves in Ontario. Kolenosky GB, Johnston DH. American Zoologist. 1967 May

Courtesy of Natural Resources DNA Profiling & Forensic Centre, Ontario 





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