Natural selection in favor of behavior by individuals that may decrease their chance of survival but increases that of their kin (who share a proportion of their genes).
Marino J, Sillero-Zubiri C, Johnson PJ, Macdonald DW. Ecological bases of philopatry and cooperation in Ethiopian wolves. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology. 2012 Jul
Landsat Thematic Mapper – NASA
The Thematic Mapper (TM) is an advanced, multispectral scanning, Earth resources sensor designed to achieve higher image resolution, sharper spectral separation, improved geometric fidelity and greater radiometric accuracy and resolution than the MSS sensor. TM data are sensed in seven spectral bands simultaneously. Band 6 senses thermal (heat) infrared radiation. Landsat can only acquire night scenes in band 6. A TM scene has an Instantaneous Field Of View (IFOV) of 30m x 30m in bands 1-5 and 7 while band 6 has an IFOV of 120m x 120m on the ground. NASA
Kansas J, Vargas J, Skatter HG, Balicki B, McCullum K. Using Landsat imagery to backcast fire and post-fire residuals in the Boreal Shield of Saskatchewan: implications for woodland caribou management. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2016 May
A recurrent theme throughout a musical, literary composition or understanding, associated with a particular person, living entity, idea, or circumstance.
“…whereby the forage becomes practically unavailable (or “locked”) under excessive ice or snowpack, causing malnutrition, starvation, and ultimately high adult mortality and calf losses (Stien et al., 2010; Vors and Boyce, 2009).”
A stochastic modelling framework to accommodate the inter-annual variability of habitat conditions for Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) populations. Kaluskar S, Johnson CA, Blukacz-Richards EA, Ouellet F, Kim DK, Arhonditsis G. Ecological Informatics. 2020 Mar