The Wolf Intelligencer


Mongolia – Монголулс


Wolves in Hustai National Park
Wolves in Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area / Great Gobi A Strictly Protected Area
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Алтай Таван богд байгалийн цогцолбор газар
Lake Khövsgöl National Park
Хөвсгөл нуур Höwsgöl núr
Gun-Galuut Nature Reserve

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Mongolian Wolf (Canis lupus chanco)
Eurasion Wolf (Canis lupus lupus)
Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri)
саарал чоно

Population Statistics 10,000-20,000?
хүн амын статистик

Legal Status; No Substantial Protection. Since 2007 wolf hunting and catching are prohibited in Eastern Steppe region of Mongolia.
эрх зүйн байдал

эх үүсвэр
Байгаль орчин, ногоон хөгжил, аялал жуулчлалын яам

Mongolian Bankhar Dog Project,
The Nature Conservancy (Тосон Hulstai байгалийн нөөц газар, Mongolia)
Wildlife Conservation Society – Mongolia (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia )
Зэрлэг амьтан хамгаалах нийгэмлэг – Монгол
WWF: Нүүр хуудас
World Wildlife Fund – Mongolia
Nomadic Nature Conservation
International Takhi-Group Wolf Research
Улсын Тахь Группээс
Green Mongolia – Дэлхий дээрх хамгийн сүүлийн байгалийн бэлчээрийг хамгаалъя

News Resources & Publications
мэдээ нөөц болон хэвлэл

хамгийн сүүлийн үеийн мэдээ

Wolf and Wildlife News from Mongolia – Монголулс

Journal Articles

Herders’ aversion to wildlife population increases in grassland ecosystem conservation: Evidence from a choice experiment study. Shi Y, Li C, Zhao M. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2021 Aug


The neglect of wildlife in grassland ecosystem conservation may lead to severe ecological consequences. Humans use more than 99% of the natural grassland in China, but local herders’ attitude and willingness to pay for wildlife conservation in grassland ecological restoration have not been studied. This study evaluated local herders’ preferences and willingness to pay for increasing the wildlife population in grassland ecosystem conservation through a choice experiment in Siziwang Banner and Damao Banner of Inner Mongolia, China. The results show that herders have a positive preference for improving vegetation coverage, grassland landscape, and groundwater level, but they are averse to the growth of the wildlife population, and their preferences toward the issue are heterogeneous. The sources of heterogeneity include the gender of the respondents, whether they are village cadres, whether their families raise sheep, whether they are preparing for migration and family size. Sheep farmers, female respondents, non-village cadres, smaller families, and those preparing for migration are more opposed to the increase in wildlife population than the other groups. An increase in wildlife will cause welfare loss among herders. Specifically, the average marginal willingness to pay for the rise in the frequency of wildlife sightings is −21.57 CNY (1 USD = 6.7744 CNY) per year, and the total welfare loss of herder households in the study area is 1.22 million CNY per year due to each unit increase in the frequency of wildlife sightings. We suggest that herders’ support for wildlife conservation should be gained through education and ecological compensation to avoid unexpected grassland ecological consequences. Our results are applicable globally because most natural grasslands are under human use, and the conflict between wildlife and humans has been observed globally.

Unravelling the vertebrate scavenger assemblage in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Orihuela-Torres A, Morales-Reyes Z, Pérez-García JM, Naves-Alegre L, Sánchez-Zapata JA, Sebastián-González E. Journal of Arid Environments. 2021 Jul


Despite the essential role that vertebrate scavengers play in ecosystems, most studies have been conducted in Europe and North America, and there is a lack of information on vertebrate scavengers in vast regions of the world. Our aim was to describe the functioning and composition of the unknown vertebrate scavenger assemblage in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia, and determine how carcass size and habitat type affect species composition and carrion use. We monitored carcasses with camera traps and we also conducted observation points to survey the raptor community and identify the proportion of raptor species making use of the carcasses. We recorded eight vertebrate scavenger species (five birds and three mammals) by camera trap and seven raptors at observation points. Over half of the raptor species recorded at the observation points were also found feeding on carrion. The two most threatened species were only recorded in the mountain habitat. Furthermore, scavenger abundance and consumption rates were higher at large carcasses. This study highlights the importance of scavenging by raptors and other vertebrate scavengers for carrion elimination in ecosystems with extreme climatic conditions.

Feeding ecology of the wolf (Canis lupus) in a near-natural ecosystem in Mongolia. Tiralla N, Holzapfel M, Ansorge H. Mammalian Biology. 2021 Feb


The increasing animosity towards wolves (Canis lupus) by livestock-keeping nomads in Mongolia and the accompanying conflicts highlight the urgent need for knowledge about the feeding behavior of wolves, since information on the feeding ecology of wolves in Mongolia is rare, especially in the mountain taiga and mountain forest steppe regions of Northern Mongolia. Those regions are characterized by a relatively high wildlife diversity and are sparsely populated by humans. To face this problem, 137 wolf scats were collected in the Khentii Mountain range in Northern Mongolia between 2008 and 2012. Almost all wolf faeces contained remnants of wild ungulates, which made up 89% of the consumed biomass. Siberian Roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) was the most important and positively selected prey species. It was followed by red deer (Cervus elaphus) and wild Boar (Sus scrofa), which was negatively selected by wolves. Wolves also fed on buffer prey species such as lagomorphs and small mammals. No evidence of domestic ungulates was found in the wolf diet. Thus, near-natural habitats with a diverse fauna of wild animals are important to limit livestock depredation.

Using Random Forest to Classify Vegetation Communities in the Southern Area of Ikh Nart Nature Reserve in Mongolia. Reece N, Wingard G, Mandakh B, Reading RP. Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences. 2019 Jul

Wolves and Wolf Men as Literary Tropes and Figures of Thought: Eco-and Zoopoetic Perspectives on Jiang Rong’s’ Wolf Totem‘. InTexts, Animals, Environments: Zoopoetics and Ecopoetics Goodbody A. 2019 Jan

 Corrigendum to: Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the South Gobi, Mongolia. Mijiddorj TN, Alexander JS, Samelius G, Badola R, Rawat GS, Dutta S.Wildlife research. 2018

Herders and wolves in post-Soviet society: an ethnographic study in Mongolia’s Ikh Nart Nature Reserve. Davie HS, Stokowski PA, Ankhbayar L, Murdoch JD. Human dimensions of wildlife. 2014 Jul 4

Measuring and mapping the influence of landscape factors on livestock predation by wolves in Mongolia. Davie HS, Murdoch JD, Lhagvasuren A, Reading RP. Journal of Arid Environments. 2014 Apr

Echinococcus species from red foxes, corsac foxes, and wolves in Mongolia. Ito A, Chuluunbaatar G, Yanagida T, Davaasuren A, Sumiya B, Asakawa M, Ki T, Nakaya K, Davaajav A, Dorjsuren T, Nakao M. Parasitology. 2013 Nov

Relationships between climate, productivity and vegetation in southern Mongolian drylands. von Wehrden H, Wesche K. Basic and applied dryland research. 2007 Dec

Wildlife value orientations of rural Mongolians. Kaczensky P. Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 2007 Sep

Restoration and management of the Inner Mongolia grassland require a sustainable strategy. AMBIO: Jiang G, Han X, Wu J. A Journal of the Human Environment. 2006 Aug

Pathologic findings in reintroduced Przewalski’s horses (Equus caballus przewalskii) in Southwestern Mongolia. Robert N, Walzer C, Rüegg SR, Kaczensky P, Ganbaatar O, Stauffer C. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2005 Jun

Cinereous vulture nesting ecology in Ikh Nartyn Chuluu Nature Reserve, Mongolia. Reading RP, Amgalanbaatar S, Kenny D, Dashdemberel B. Mongolian Journal of Biological Sciences. 2005 Jun

[PDF] 16S rRNA Gene Sequence Analysis of Snow Leopard, Gray Wolf, Horse and Bactrian Camel in Mongolia; M Tsogtgerel, M Baljijjnyam, N Suren, L Sodnom

Status and distribution of khulan (Equus hemionus) in Mongolia. Reading RP, Henry M, Lhagvasuren B, Feh C, Kane DP, Dulamtseren S, Enkhbold S. Journal of Zoology. 2001 Jul

Rangelands of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Conservation Park, Mongolia. Rangelands Bedunah DJ, Schmidt SM. Archives. 2000 Aug

The impact of wolves Canus lupus (L., 1758) on wild ungulates and nomadic livestock in and around the Hustain Nuruu Steppe Reserve (Mongolia). Hovens JP, Tungalaktuja KH, Todgeril T, Batdorj D. Lutra. 2000

Biological assessment of three beauties of the Gobi National Conservation Park, Mongolia. Reading RP, Amgalanbaatar S, Lhagvasuren L. Biodiversity & Conservation. 1999 Aug

The commercial harvest of wildlife in Dornod Aimag, Mongolia. Reading RP, Mix H, Lhagvasuren B, Tseveenmyadag N. The Journal of wildlife management. 1998 Jan

Preliminary studies on the food habits of the wolves in eastern Mongolia. Gao Z, Ma J, Zhang H, Gao Y, Zhao G. Acta theriologica sinica. 1996

Testing a non‐equilibrium model of rangeland vegetation dynamics in Mongolia. Fernandez‐Gimenez ME, Allen‐Diaz B. Journal of Applied Ecology. 1999 Dec;



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