The Wolf Intelligencer


Nepal – नेपाल


Wolves in protected areas of Nepal
Annapurna Conservation Area
अन्नपूर्ण संरक्षण क्षेत्र
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
कंचनजंगा संरक्षण क्षेत्र
Gaurishankar Conservation Area
गौरीशंकर संरक्षण क्षेत्र

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri)
Himalayan wolf ( Canis himalayensis)
Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes)

Population Statistics [unknown]
जनसंख्या तथ्याङ्क

Legal Status; The species is protected under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973 of the Government of Nepal and listed as Critically Endangered in the National Red List (Jnawali et al. 2011).
कानुनी स्थिति

नेपाल सरकार   वन तथा भू-संरक्षण मन्त्रालय   राष्ट्रिय निकुञ्ज तथा वन्यजन्तु संरक्षण विभाग (Kathmandu, Nepal)
Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation
Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project (GCAP)

The Himalayan Wolves Project
National Trust for Nature Conservation’s Annapurna Conservation Area Project (Lalitpur, Nepal)
Nepal | UK Wolf Conservation Trust – The UK Wolf Conservation Trust

News Resources & Publications
समाचार स्रोतहरू र प्रकाशनहरू
The Himalayan Times (Kathmandu, Nepal)
Kathmandu Post

हालैको समाचार

Wolf and Wildlife News from Nepal – नेपाल

Journal Articles

The Steppe Polecat Mustela eversmanii was added to the fauna of Nepal in 2014. Gurung S, Kusi N, Lama T, Lama PR, Tamang K, Sherab K, Tamang LL, Lama MT, Lama TN, Rajendra KC, Kandel RC. Species. 2022

On the occurrence of the Himalayan Wolf Canis lupus, L. 1758 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) in the Gaurishankar Conservation Area, Nepal; its existence confirmed through sign and visual evidence in Rolwaling Valley. Pandey BP, Thami SM, Shrestha R, Chalise MK. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2021 Jul


The Himalayan Wolf Canis lupus L., a top predator of the Third Pole, is proposed to be of a distinct wolf lineage (C. himalayensis) relative to the Holarctic Grey Wolf as described by mtDNA analyses. A biodiversity survey organized by the Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project (GCAP) has captured images of wolves in three different regions, and the study team has observed wolf scats in five additional regions above the tree line in Rolwaling Valley. Further, interviews with local herders provided evidence of wolf depredation of livestock in the area. The Rolwaling Valley in the Gaurishankar Conservation Area was the study area which was divided into 12, 4 x 4 km (16 km2) grid cells, each supplied with one camera trap operated continuously from June to November 2019 (only 6 out of 12 cameras functioned for the duration of our study). Wolf detections were recorded by camera traps from Yalung Pass (4,956 m), Tsho-Rolpa glacial Lake (4,536 m) and the Dudhkunda ridgeline (5,091 m). The photo capture rate index (PCRI) for wolves was 0.71. Our study reports the first photographic evidence of the Himalayan Wolf in the Rolwaling Valley.

Human-Wolf (Canis lupus) Conflict in Upper Mustang of Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Pahari, S., Joshi, R. and Poudel, B.(2021). Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources. 2021 Jun


Human-wolf conflict has been one of the major issues in the Himalayan region of Nepal. It has obstructed the sustainable management initiatives in Annapurna Conservation Area. The aim of this study is to assess the status of human-wolf conflict, conservation threats to wolf and people’s perception towards this endangered carnivore. Questionnaire survey was conducted in different wards of three rural municipalities (RM) of the Upper Mustang. Similarly, key informants were interviewed followed by several discussions with stakeholders. The results indicate “wolf’s preference for domestic livestock” as the most probable cause of depredation with IRR value 0.91. The number of victims was found highest in Lomanthang RM (ward number 2) where 90% of respondents reported to be victims. However, in terms of the loss in monetary value, Lo-Ghekar Damodarkunda RM (ward number 4) ranked highest with the loss of NRs. 55,880 (≈$479.1)/HH/year and Barhagaun Muktichhetra (ward number 3) is the least affected. Similarly, by number, mountain goat casualties (172) were highest in last 5 years, but the maximum economic loss was due to the horse depredation (NRs. 68,00,000 or $57,347.20) among sampled households. The results indicate that the negative perception of local people is the major threat to wolf. Active participation of local people in conservation and awareness program can play a vital role to reduce and mitigate the human-wolf conflict at community level.

Illegal wildlife trade in Nepal: status and legitimate deed. Bogati, A., Mandal, R.A. and Mathema, A.B., 2021


Study was objectively conducted to assess status, trend, confiscated and seized trophy of wildlife fauna and its legitimate deed. Division forest offices of Kathmandu, Lalitpure and Bhaktapur were taken for study area. The dimensions of the captured trophies were measured, 25 key informants were interviewed. Similarly, documents like register, cases filed and decision register were reviewed. Result showed that, Panthera tigris, Uncia uncial, Neofelis nebulosa, Canis lupus, Prionailurus bengalensis and Gavialis gangeticus were key illegally traded species. Altogether 327 wildlife trophies were captured in Kathmandu valley. Illegally captured fauna were 12 mammals, 1 bird, 3 reptiles falls under endangered categories of IUCN Red List and 7 species were listedunder endangered of IUCN Red list following by CITES I. Total 97 trophies (32%) fall under mega carnivores. Total weight of confiscated scales of Pangolin was 47.74kg in Kathmandu valley. It was 140cm length and 36cm breadth of captured leopard in Kathmandu district. Kruskal Wallis test showed that, there was significant difference in number of confiscated body parts captured in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts at 95% confidence level.Total 381 cases were recorded in Kathmandu valley. Co-efficient variances of case registered were 0.162, 0.264 and 0.212 in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts respectively. MannKenall’s tau b correlation showed that value of correlation coefficient were 0.587,0.305 and 0.554 in Kathmandu, Lalitpurand Bhaktapur districts respectively. Total 698 persons were involved in wildlife crime. Maximum charge was US $1,626.90 in Bhaktapure district and maximum imprisonment period was 79 months in Kathmandu.

Multiple factors influence local perceptions of snow leopards and Himalayan wolves in the central Himalayas, Nepal. Chetri M, Odden M, Devineau O, McCarthy T, Wegge P.PeerJ. 2020 Oct

on observations of packs and home sites in Nepal. Werhahn G, Kusi N, Sillero-Zubiri C, Macdonald DW. Oryx. 2019 Oct

Understanding Public Perceptions to Carnivores: Examining Communities in Upper Mustang, Nepal; A Upraity – 2019

[HTML] Patterns of livestock depredation by snow leopards and other large carnivores in the Central Himalayas, Nepal;  M Chetri, M Odden, O Devineau, P Wegge – Global Ecology and Conservation, 2019

Characterizing changes in land cover and forest fragmentation in Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve of Nepal from multi-temporal Landsat observations (1993-2018). Sharma S, Bista M, Mingshi L. bioRxiv. 2019 Jan

Distribution of grey wolves Canis lupus lupus in the Nepalese Himalaya: implications for conservation management; SA Subba, AK Shrestha, K Thapa, S Malla, GJ Thapa… – Oryx, 2017

Distribution of grey wolves Canis lupus lupus in the Nepalese Himalaya: implications for conservation management. Subba SA, Shrestha AK, Thapa K, Malla S, Thapa GJ, Shrestha S, Shrestha S, Subedi N, Bhattarai GP, Ottvall R. Oryx. 2017 Jul

Phylogenetic evidence for the ancient Himalayan wolf: towards a clarification of its taxonomic status based on genetic sampling from western Nepal. Werhahn G, Senn H, Kaden J, Joshi J, Bhattarai S, Kusi N, Sillero-Zubiri C, Macdonald DW. Royal Society open science. 2017 Jun

[PDF] Status and Trend of Human Wildlife Conflict: A Case Study of Lelep and Yamphudin region, Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Taplejung
R Sherchan, A Bhandari – Conservation Science, 2017

 Snow leopard and Himalayan wolf: food habits and prey selection in the Central Himalayas, Nepal. Chetri M, Odden M, Wegge P.PloS one. 2017 Feb