West Coast of United States

Washington / Oregon / California

The Gray Wolf has returned to West Coast of the United States establishing populations in the states of Washington, Oregon and California. After the extermination of the gray wolf from the west coast states in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s by the livestock industry.

Journal Articles

Challenges to Gray Wolf Recovery in Washington, Oregon, and Northern California. Kriz, M.A., 2019.

Examining the effect of billboards in shaping the great wolf debate of the American West. Hoffmann CF, Montgomery RA, Jepson PR. Human dimensions of wildlife. 2017 May

Polyphyletic ancestry of historic gray wolves inhabiting US Pacific states. Hendricks SA, Charruau PC, Pollinger JP, Callas R, Figura PJ, Wayne RK. Conservation Genetics. 2015 Jun

Phylogeography of wolves (Canis lupus) in the Pacific Northwest. Weckworth BV, Talbot SL, Cook JA. Journal of Mammalogy. 2010 Apr