Tundra Wolf (Canis lupus albus)

Image Courtesy Tundra Wolf

Tundra Wolf (Canis lupus albus) – (Kerr 1792)

Common Names: Turukhan wolf

Overall population: Unknown

Physical description: Consistent with Bergmann’s Rule (Bergmann’s rule is an ecogeographic rule that correlates latitude with body mass in animals), tundra wolves are among the largest of grey wolf subspecies. Tundra Wolves can attain a body length of 2 metres (7 feet) and usually an average weight of 45 – 57 kilograms (100 – 125 pounds), though there are some unconfirmed reports of animals reaching weights of 100 kilograms (220 pounds). Males are usually larger than females. Most tundra wolves have a grey colour, with mixes of black, rust and silver grey. Like most canids, Tundra wolves have a high body, long legs, broad skull tapering to a narrow muzzle. Their tail is bushy and their coat has a thick, dense underfur.

Original range – Northern Eurasia, Finland, Arctic Islands north of Siberia.
Current range – The Tundra Wolf can be found throughout Northern Europe and Asia from Northern Finland to the Kamchatka Peninsula, from the far north in Russia to the Arctic. They primarily reside in the northern arctic and boreal regions of Russia roughly between 65 and 71 degrees latitude. They have been seen on Wrangle Island.

Habitat / Ecology/ Prey:
Habitat: Northern Tundra, Arctic Islands, Boreal Forest
Prey: deer, wapiti, moose, caribou, bison, musk ox and mountain sheep

Unique behaviors:
Breeding season is usually late March through April, reasonably later in the year than for most wolves because of the high latitude of the Tundra Wolves habitat.

Legal and Cultural Background:

Scandinavian Wolf

Taxonomic/Genetic Information:

Tundra Wolf
Scandinavian Wolf
Wolves in Russia

Further Reading

Journal / Scientific Publications: