Washington / Oregon / California

Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
Northwestern Gray Wolf (Canis lupus occidentalis)
Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus)

Population Statistics [110, 11 breeding pairs]

Legal Status; Wolves throughout Oregon are delisted from the state Endangered Species Act (ESA). Wolves are still protected by the Wolf Plan and Oregon statute.Wolves west of Hwys 395-78-95 remain protected by the federal ESA. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the lead management agency for wolves that occur west of Hwys 395-78-95.

U S Fish and Wildlife Service (Grey wolves in Northern Rocky Mountains)
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Predator Defense (Eugene, Oregon)
BARK (Portland, Oregon)
Blue Mountains Biodiversity Project (Fossil, Oregon)
Hells Canyon Preservation Council (Le Grande, Oregon)
Klamath-Siskiyou Wildlands Center (Ashland, Oregon)
Oregon Chapter Sierra Club (Oregon State)
Oregon Wild (Portland, Oregon)
Western Wolves (Western United States Coalition)
Western Watersheds Project (Tucson, AZ; Reseda, Ca; Boise, ID; Missoula, MT; Portland, OR; Pindale, WY)
Pacific Wolf Coalition (Washington State, Oregon, California)
Cascadia Wildlands (Eugene, Oregon; Cordova, Alaska)
Western Environmental Law Center (Eugene, Oregon; Helena, Montana; Taos. New Mexico)

Oregon News Resources & Publications
The Register- Guard (Eugene, Oregon)
Capital Press (Oregon)
East Oregonian (Pendleton, Oregon)
KVAL (Eugene, Oregon)
Wallowa County Chieftain (Enterprise, Oregon)


Journal Articles

Challenges to Gray Wolf Recovery in Washington, Oregon, and Northern California. Kriz, M.A., 2019.

Natural re-colonization and admixture of wolves (Canis lupus) in the US Pacific Northwest: challenges for the protection and management of rare and endangered taxa;
SA Hendricks, RM Schweizer, RJ Harrigan… – Heredity, 2018 – nature.com

Shifting environmental concern in rural eastern Oregon: the role of demographic and place-based factors. Boag AE, Hamilton LC, Hartter J, Stevens FR, Palace MW, Ducey MJ. Population and Environment. 2016 Dec

The Public Trust Doctrine and Wolf-Livestock Conflict Management in Oregon. Shaw R. Available at SSRN 2632732. 2015 Jul 17.