Population Statistics [No known established packs.]
Legal Status; State Threatened Species and classifed as Federally Endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service through the entire Sate of Illinois. Federally Endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service south of Interstate 80.
Where can wolves live and how can we live with them?. Mech LD. Biological Conservation. 2017 Jun
Illinois resident attitudes toward recolonizing large carnivores. Smith JB, Nielsen CK, Hellgren EC. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2014 Jul
The original status of wolves in eastern North America. Nowak RM. Southeastern Naturalist. 2002 Jun;