BERLIN – Germany’s agriculture minister wants to loosen restrictions on shooting wolves to reduce a growing population that threatens sheep and goats.Wolves disappeared from Germany a century ago after many were killed, in part because they are symbols of cunning and wickedness in German folklore but also because they attack farm animals and even humans.They have made a comeback across Germany, and the ministry says more than 600 now roam a northern belt from the border with Poland and the Czech Republic to the Dutch frontier.Wolves killed more than 1,000 farm animals in 2016, said the ministry. Farmers say their animals are being ravaged and hunters say wolves eat game they want to shoot and even damage trees.
‘è un problema con i lupi in Italia. Non è che sono pochi, come quando negli anni ’70 ne rimaneva un centinaio, né che sono troppi. È che i circa duemila lupi italiani forse non sono tutti lupi.La vera minaccia per la loro sopravvivenza è infatti l’ibridazione, l’accoppiamento con i cani che rischia di portare il lupo verso l’estinzione genetica. Non solo randagi ma anche cani da caccia dispersi, cani di proprietà liberi nei parchi ma soprattutto cani da guardiania come i maremmani abruzzesi, usati storicamente per tenere i predatori alla larga dal bestiame.
In one of their most recent press releases, WWF Austria addresses the latest developments in Upper Austria concerning so-called wolf management. Earlier, the Upper Austrian state government decided to allow measures to ‘get rid of’ wolves. Measures should lead to chasing the wolf away, at least.
In previous centuries, wolves were extirpated across much of their range worldwide, but they started to recover in Europe since the end of last century. A general pattern of this recovery is the expansion of the range occupied by local populations. The Iberian wolf population, shared by Portugal and Spain, reached its lowest extent and abundance around the middle of the twentieth century. Unlike other populations in Europe, its range recovery and pack counts seem to have stalled since the first Spanish country-wide census of 1986–1988. The population shows low effective population size and remains isolated from other European wolves. This is unexpected given the protection offered by European legislation, i.e., the Habitats Directive, and the apparent availability of habitat outside its present range. We compiled records of wolves killed legally in Spain, reviewed the legislative and management framework for the Iberian wolf population, and discussed potential implications of a policy of lethal management for the ecology, genetics and conservation status of wolves in the Iberian Peninsula. Wolves are strictly protected in Portugal. Meanwhile, they are subject to culling and hunting in Spain. No wolf was legally removed by culling or hunting during the study period in Portugal, whereas 623 wolves were legally killed in Spain between 2008 and 2013. Twenty-nine of those wolves were killed in areas under strict protection according to European legislation. Despite the transboundary nature of this wolf population, we are not aware of coordinated conservation plans. Management is further fragmented at the sub-national level in Spain, both due to the authority of Spanish autonomous regions over their wildlife, and because wolves were listed in multiple annexes of the Habitats Directive. Fragmentation of management was apparent in the uneven adherence to the obligations of the Habitats Directive among Spanish regions. A similar situation is found for other large predator populations in Europe. We suggest that lethal management as carried out in Spain is a hindrance to transit and settlement of wolves, both within and beyond the Iberian wolf population. Reducing the pressure of lethal management appears a feasible policy change to improve the conservation status of the population and foster transboundary connectivity.
SAN PEDRO DE LAS HERRERIAS, Spain — I meet Javier Talegón and the other wolf enthusiasts at 6:30 a.m. in the blink-and-you-miss-it town on the eastern fringe of the Sierra de la Culebra in the province of Zamora in northwestern Spain. This undulating mountain range, whose name translates as “snake mountains,” slides over the border into neighboring Portugal.Talegón, an expert and guide, is keen to get moving. He bundles us into a couple of waiting cars packed with tripods and telescopic equipment, and we set off for a nearby ridge, where he says we’ll have the best chance of spotting a wolf. Time is of the essence, as the mostly nocturnal wolf we are here to see tends to move only at nightfall and early in the day.
Zaposleni v Slovenskih državnih gozdovih je v bližini zaselka Stružnica na Kočevskem naletel na zanimiv prizor. Srečal se je z volkovi, ki mu jih je uspelo fotografirati. Meni, da se je trop najverjetneje odpravljal na lov. Kakšna je pravzaprav možnost, da se pred človekom nenadoma znajde zver in kako nevarno je lahko srečanje?
Una decena de naturalistas procedentes de toda España (Murcia, Lérida, Madrid, Segovia o Guadalajara), han participado recientemente en las XIX Jornadas sobre el lobo organizadas por Llobu en la Sierra de la Culebra y Sanabria.Durante cuatro jornadas los participantes han conocido los valores naturales de este territorio; han observado su fauna (lobo, ciervo, corzo, jabalí, zorro, rapaces y aves forestales), han visitado la ganadería de Alberto Fernández en Santa Colomba de Sanabria (que maneja 1200 ovejas con 12 mastines y no sufre ataques de los lobos) y han visitado el Cortello de Lubián, una estructura trampa empleada para capturar lobos hasta mediados del siglo XX.