Population Statistics [No established packs. Occasionally dispersing wolves.]
Legal Status; State and Federal protection.
Iowa Chapter Sierra Club
Patterns of monarch site occupancy and dynamics in Iowa. Dinsmore SJ, Vanausdall RA, Murphy KT, Kinkead KE, Frese PW. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 2019
Habitat Associations of Migratory Waterbirds Using Restored Shallow Lakes in Iowa. Vanausdall RA, Dinsmore SJ. Waterbirds. 2019 Jun
Coarse root biomass and architecture of hybrid aspen ‘Crandon’(Populus alba L.× P. grandidenta Michx.) grown in an agroforestry system in central Iowa, USA. Headlee WL, Zalesny Jr RS, Hall RB. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2019 Jan
Local and landscape effects on population dynamics of birds and butterflies in Iowa. Patterson, S.S., 2016.
Restored agricultural wetlands in central Iowa: habitat quality and amphibian response. Reeves RA, Pierce CL, Smalling KL, Klaver RW, Vandever MW, Battaglin WA, Muths E. Wetlands. 2016 Feb
Predator activity related to landscape features in northern Iowa. Kuehl AK, Clark WR. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2002 Oct
Butterfly responses to habitat edges in the highly fragmented prairies of Central Iowa. Ries L, Debinski DM. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2001 Sep