Vocabulary S-T

A-B / C-D / E-F / G-H / I-J / K-L / M-N / O-P / Q-R / S-T / U-V / W-X / Y-Z

S-T

Secondary Recovery Zone
Recovery zone that allows for wolves to disperse, or to allow for transfer of previously released wolves

Soft release
The release of wolves to the wild from a temporary pen, where they have been held for a period of time to acclimate to the area of the release. The duration of acclimation may vary from several weeks to several months.

S.O.P. (Standard Operating Procedure)
The purpose of an SOP is to standardize how a particular task, process, or situation is handled. This is important to make sure that there is consistency in how different issues surrounding the management of Mexican wolves in the wild are conducted. They are also important to ensure that the agencies and their staff are in compliance with law, policy, etc. Lastly, the SOP’s help ensure that actions are conducted safely, under the appropriately authority, and that data are collected and analyzed consistently. For a complete list of the SOP’s that relate to the Mexican gray wolf, see SOP.

SSP (Species Survival Plan)
[Mexican Gray Wolves]
The SSP began in 1981 as a cooperative population management and conservation program for selected species in zoos and aquariums in North America. Each SSP manages the breeding of a species in order to maintain a healthy and self-sustaining captive population that is both genetically perse and demographically stable. SSPs also participate in a variety of other cooperative conservation activities, such as research, public education, reintroduction and field projects. For more information, see SSP.

Studbook
[Mexican Gray Wolves]
This studbook is a compilation of the vital records of the entire historic captive population of the Mexican gray wolf subspecies. Included are all the births, deaths, and transfers that have occurred in the history of the subspecies, as well as the family lineages.

Sympatric
In biology and ecology, two species or populations are considered sympatric when they exist in the same geographic area and thus regularly encounter one another.

Threatened
Any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.