The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Prey Species of Wolves (Canis lupus) in Eurasia

Europe and Asia

Antelope Indian Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) – India, Nepal, Pakistan
Journal Articles

Predation on blackbuck by wolves in Velavadar National Park, Gujarat, India. Jhala YV. Conservation Biology. 1993 Dec

Antelope- Nilgai (Boselaphus ragocamelus pallas) – Indian subcontinent
Journal Articles

Foraging ecology, economics and conservation of Indian wolves in the Bhal region of Gujarat, Western India. Jethva BD, Jhala YV. Biological Conservation. 2004 Apr

Alpine mountain goat “ibex” (Capra ibex)
Journal Articles

Distribution, status, and recent population dynamics of Alpine ibex Capra ibex in Europe. Brambilla A, Von Hardenberg A, Nelli L, Bassano B. Mammal Review. 2020 Apr

Arabian gazelle (Gazella arabica) – غزال عربي
Journal Articles

Factors driving Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica) in Israel to extinction: time series analysis of population size and juvenile survival in an unexploited population. Shalmon B, Sun P, Wronski T. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2020 Jan

Arabian Oryx “white oryx” (Oryx leucoryx) – Arabian peninsula – المها الأبيض
Journal Articles

Arabian oryx reintroduction in Oman: successes and setbacks. Spalton JA, Lawerence MW, Brend SA. AOryx. 1999 Apr

Argali “mountain sheep” (Ovis ammon} – Central Asia, Tibet
Journal Articles

Habitat segregation between sympatric Tibetan argali Ovis ammon hodgsoni and blue sheep Pseudois nayaur in the Indian Trans‐Himalaya. Namgail T, Fox JL, Bhatnagar YV. Journal of Zoology. 2004 Jan

European badger (Meles meles)

Fossoriality in a risky landscape: badger sett use varies with perceived wolf risk. Diserens TA, Bubnicki JW, Schutgens E, Rokx K, Kowalczyk R, Kuijper DP, Churski M.Journal of Zoology. 2020 Oct

Beaver (Castor fiber)
Journal Articles

The best snacks for kids: the importance of beavers Castor fiber in the diet of wolf Canis lupus pups in north-western Poland. Mysłajek RW, Tomczak P, Tołkacz K, Tracz M, Tracz M, Nowak S. Ethology Ecology & Evolution. 2019 Jun

Blue Hare/ Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus) Scandinavia-Northern Eurasia
Journal Articles

Short term effects of capture on movements in free-ranging wolves (Canis lupus) in Scandinavia (Master’s thesis). Teräväinen, M., 2016

Boar wild (Sus scrofa) – Western Eurasia
Journal Articles

boar-Sus-scrofa-mortality-by-hunting-and-wolf-Canis/10.2981/0909-6396(2008)14[44:WBSSMB]2.0.CO;2.full">Wild boar Sus scrofa mortality by hunting and wolf Canis lupus predation: an example in northern Spain. Nores C, Llaneza L, Álvarez Á. Wildlife Biology. 2008 Mar

Cape Hares (Lepus capensus)
Journal Articles

Food habits of the grassland wolf in Inner Mongolia of China. Honghai Z, Jianmin Z, Zhuanbin W, Zhongxin G, Yuan P. Journal of Forestry Research. 1998 Mar

Caspian seals (Pusa caspia)
Journal Articles

Pup production and breeding distribution of the Caspian seal (Phoca caspica) in relation to human impacts. Harkonen T, Jüssi M, Baimukanov M, Bignert A, Dmitrieva L, Kasimbekov Y, Verevkin M, Wilson S, Goodman SJ. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment. 2008 Jul

Chamois goat-antelope (Rupicapra rupicapra)
Journal Articles

Significance of ungulates in the diet of recently settled wolves in the Mercantour mountains (southeastern France). POULLE ML, CARLES L, LEQUETTE B. Revue d’écologie. 1997

Chital (Axis axis)

Dorcas Gazelles (Gazella dorcas) – Arabia
Journal Articles

Conflicting management policies for the Arabian wolf Canis lupus arabs in the Negev Desert: is this justified?. Cohen O, Barocas A, Geffen E. Oryx. 2013 Apr

European badger (Meles meles)
Journal Articles

ossoriality in a risky landscape: badger sett use varies with perceived wolf risk. Diserens TA, Bubnicki JW, Schutgens E, Rokx K, Kowalczyk R, Kuijper DP, Churski M. Journal of Zoology. 2020 Oct

European bison “wisent” calves (Bison bonasus)
Journal Articles

European bison (Bison bonasus) in Lithuania: status and possibilities of range extension. Balčiauskas L. Acta Zoologica Lituanica. 1999 Jan

European wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Journal Articles

Extensive predator persecution caused by population crash in a game species: the case of red kites and rabbits in Spain. Villafuerte R, Viñuela J, Blanco JC. Biological conservation. 1998 May

European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
Journal Articles

Population responses of naive roe deer to the recolonization of the French Vercors by wolves. Randon M, Bonenfant C, Michallet J, Chevrier T, Toïgo C, Gaillard JM, VALEIX M. bioRxiv. 2019 Jan

Fallow Deer (Dama dama)
Journal Articles

A comparative analysis of wolf (Canis lupus) diet in three different Italian ecosystems. Capitani CL, Bertelli I, Varuzza P, Scandura M, Apollonio M. Mammalian Biology. 2004 Jan

Goats domestic (Capra aegagrus hircus)
Goats wild (Capra aegagrus)
Journal Articles

Persian Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus Erxleben)—biology, ecology and possibilities for its re-introduction in Bulgaria. Genov P, Georgiev G, Georgiev V. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment. 2009 Jan

Hares Brown (Lepus europaeus)
Journal Articles

Diet and prey selection of wolves (Canis lupus) recolonising Western and Central Poland. Nowak S, Mysłajek RW, Kłosińska A, Gabryś G. Mammalian Biology. 2011 Nov

Hare Iberian (Lepus granatensis)
Journal Articles

Survival, home range patterns, probable causes of mortality, and den-site selection of the Iberian hare (Lepus, Leporidae, Mammalia) on arable farmland in north-west Spain. Sánchez-García, C., Alonso, M.E., Bartolomé, D.J., Pérez, J.A., Larsen, R.T. and Gaudioso, V.R., 2012. Italian journal of zoology

Horses (Equus ferus caballus)
Journal Articles

A review of wolf predation in southern Europe: does the wolf prefer wild prey to livestock?. Meriggi A, Lovari S. Journal of applied ecology. 1996 Dec

Indian gazelle “chinkara” (Gazella Bennettii)
Journal Articles

Seasonal changes in group size and composition of Chinkara (Gazella bennettii shikarii)(Mammalia: Bovidae) in central Iran. Akbari H, Moradi HV, Rezaie HR, Baghestani N. Italian Journal of Zoology. 2015 Oct

Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica)
Journal Articles

Alarm calls and flight behaviour in Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica). Alados CL, Escos J. Biology of Behaviour. 1988 Jan
Ibexes,(domestic and wild) Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana)
mountain goat “ibex” (Capra ibex)

Eurasian Moose “elk” (Alces alces)
Journal Articles

Wolf Canis lupus predation on moose Alces alces and roe deer Capreolus capreolus in south-central Scandinavia. Olsson O, Wirtberg J, Andersson M, Wirtberg I. Wildlife biology. 1997 Mar

Mouflon (Ovis orientalis)
Journal Articles

The feeding habits of wolves in relation to large prey availability in northern Italy. Meriggi A, Brangi A, Matteucci C, Sacchi O. Ecography. 1996 Jan

Mountain / Blue Hare (Lepus timidus)
Journal Articles

Widespread introgression of mountain hare genes into Fennoscandian brown hare populations. Levänen R, Thulin CG, Spong G, Pohjoismäki JL. PloS one. 2018

Mountain Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus)
Journal Articles

Mission impossible? Pursuing the co-existence of viable predator populations and sustainable reindeer husbandry in Finland. Rasmus S, Kojola I, Turunen M, Norberg H, Kumpula J, Ollila T.Journal of Rural Studies. 2020 Aug

Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) – الوعل النوبي
Journal Articles

Patch use and vigilance behaviour by Nubian ibex: the role of the effectiveness of vigilance. Iribarren C, Kotler BP. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 2012

Przewalski’s gazelle (Procapra przewalskii)
Journal Articles

Current status and conservation of the Endangered Przewalski’s gazelle Procapra przewalskii, endemic to the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, China. Li C, Jiang Z, Ping X, Cai J, You Z, Li C, Wu Y. Oryx. 2012 Jan

Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)
Journal Articles

Prey selection and predation by wolves in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. Jȩdrzejewski W, Jȩdrzejewska B, Okarma H, Schmidt K, Zub K, Musiani M. Journal of Mammalogy. 2000 Feb

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)
Journal Articles

Predation on European wild forest reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) by wolves (Canis lupus) in Finland.Kojola I, Huitu O, Toppinen K, Heikura K, Heikkinen S, Ronkainen S. Journal of zoology. 2004 Jul

European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)
Journal Articles

Population responses of naive roe deer to the recolonization of the French Vercors by wolves. Randon M, Bonenfant C, Michallet J, Chevrier T, Toïgo C, Gaillard JM, VALEIX M. bioRxiv. 2019 Jan

Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica)
Journal Articles

The ecology and management of the saiga antelope in Kazakhstan. Bekenov AB, Grachev IA, Milner‐Gulland EJ. Mammal Review. 1998 Mar

sheep domestic (Ovis aries)
Journal Articles

Winter food habits of wolves in central Greece. Migli DE, Youlatos DI, Iliopoulos YI. Journal of Biological Research. 2005

Siberian musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus)
Journal Articles

Review of the distribution, status and conservation of musk deer in China. Zhou Y, Meng X, Feng J, Yang Q, Feng Z, Xia L, Bartos L.FOLIA ZOOLOGICA-PRAHA-. 2004 Jan

Siberian Roe Deer (Capreolus pygargus)
Journal Articles

Tibetan Antelope “chiru” (Pantholops hodgsonii) Tibetan: གཙོད་, Wylie: gtsod,; Chinese: 藏羚羊; pinyin: zànglíngyáng
Journal Articles

Pantholops hodgsonii (Artiodactyla: Bovidae). Leslie DM, Schaller GB. Mammalian Species. 2008 Oct

Tibetan gazelle (Procapra picticaudata)
Journal Articles

Dietary spectrum in Himalayan wolves: comparative analysis of prey choice in conspecifics across high-elevation rangelands of Asia. Lyngdoh SB, Habib B, Shrotriya S. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY. 2019 Aug
Procapra picticaudata (Artiodactyla: Bovidae). Leslie Jr DM. Mammalian Species. 2010 Jul

Thorold’s deer “white-lipped”  (Cervus albirostris)
Journal Articles

Przewalskium albirostre (Artiodactyla: Cervidae). Leslie Jr DM. Mammalian Species. 2010 Jan

Tur (Capra caucasica), East Caucasian tur or Daghestan tur (Capra cylindricornis), West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica caucasica)
Journal Articles

Influence of environmental factors on number dynamics and spatial structure of the tur (Capra caucasica) population in the Caucasian Reserve. Trepet SA, Eskina TG, Bibina KV. Biology Bulletin. 2014 Dec

Yak domestic (Bos grunniens)
Yak wild (Bos mutus)
Journal Articles

Bos grunniens and Bos mutus (Artiodactyla: Bovidae). Leslie DM, Schaller GB. Mammalian species. 2009 May

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