The Wolf Intelligencer


Arabian gazelle (Gazella arabica) – غزال عربي

Evidence of browsing pressure on the critically endangered Acacia gazelle (Gazella acaciae). Breslau B, Polak T, Shalmon B, Groner E. Journal of Arid Environments. 2020 Feb
(“The Arabian Gazelle (Gazella arabica) is vulnerable throughout its range. Israel’s population, known locally as the Acacia gazelle (G. acaciae), is critically endangered. … This study investigated whether the Acacia gazelles faced significant browsing pressure in their enclosure…”)

Factors driving Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica) in Israel to extinction: time series analysis of population size and juvenile survival in an unexploited population. Shalmon B, Sun P, Wronski T. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2020 Jan
(“We tested the impact of five environmental variables including annual mean maximum temperature, rainfall, the availability of two major food plants, competition with sympatric dorcas gazelle (G. dorcas) and predation (mainly by wolves) on two dependent variables relating to population viability (population size, percentage fawn survival) using a retrospective time series analysis. … Wolf encounter rate had a significant negative effect on G. arabica population size, while G. dorcas population size had a significant positive effect, suggesting that wolf predation shapes the population size of both gazelle species. …
Likewise, the conservation status of the Arabian gazelle (Gazella arabica) is alarming: once distributed from the Arava Valley in southern Israel along the mountains of western Saudi Arabia and Yemen into Oman and the United Arab Emirates, the species disappeared from large parts of its former distribution range…
The Yotvata NR is an alluvial fan area located at the edge of the Yotvata salt marsh in the southern Arava Valley at an altitude of 75 m above sea level (Evenari et al. 1971; Fig. 1). ”)

Combining distance sampling and resource selection functions to monitor and diagnose declining Arabian gazelle populations. Ross S, Al Zakwani WH, Al Kalbani AS, Al Rashdi A, Al Shukaili AS, Al Jahdhami MH.Journal of Arid Environments. 2019 May
(“Arabian gazelle Gazella arabica are experiencing a rapid decline in Arabia. … To develop a gazelle monitoring system for As Saleel Natural Park, Oman, Arabian gazelle were surveyed using distance sampling in 2014 and 2015. … RSF models clearly showed that gazelle avoided human disturbances, strongly avoiding livestock structures inside As Saleel, and the protected area boundary itself. The avoidance response effectively removed habitat from gazelle use.”)

The status of Arabian Gazelles Gazella arabica (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla: Bovidae) in Al Wusta Wildlife Reserve and Ras Ash Shajar Nature Reserve, Oman. Al Jahdhami MH, Al Bulushi S, Al Rawahi H, Al Fazari W, Al Amri A, Al Owaisi A, Al Rubaiey S, Al Abdulasalam Z, Al Ghafri M, Yadav S, Al Rahbi S. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 2017 Jul
(“We conducted distance sampling surveys of the Arabian Gazelle ( Gazella arabica ) in two protected areas, Al Wusta Wildife Reserve (WWR) and Ras Ash Shajar Nature Reserve (RSNR), regarded as important for gazelle conservation in northern and central Oman. The survey in WWR estimated a gazelle density of 0.161 gazelles/km 2 in the surveyed area, and in RSNR an estimated density of 25.8 gazelles/km 2.”)

Population development of Arabian Gazelles, Gazella arabica, on the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia (Mammalia: Bovidae). Wronski T. Zoology in the Middle East. 2013 Sep

Sex difference in the communicatory significance of localized defecation sites in Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica). Wronski T, Apio A, Plath M, Ziege M. Journal of ethology. 2013 May

Camera trapping confirms the persistence of Arabian Gazelles, Gazella arabica, in the Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia: (Mammalia: Bovidae). Boug A, Islam MZ, Shehry AA, Wronski T. Zoology in the Middle East. 2012 Jan

An ecological study of gazelles in the western and southern regions of Saudi Arabia. Al-Hazmi MA, Ghandour AM. Journal of arid environments. 1992 Sep