The Wolf Intelligencer


Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) – Western Eurasia

Journal Articles

Apostatic or Anti-apostatic? Prey Selection of Wolf Canis lupus L.(Mammalia: Canidae) in the Osogovo Mountain, Bulgaria. Dolapchiev NP, Zlatanova DP, Popover ED, Petrov PR. ACTA ZOOLOGICA BULGARICA 2022 Jan


In a study conducted in 2018-2020, we tested the hypothesis that the wolf in Osogovo Mtn was selecting its prey opportunistically, with a preference for the most abundant prey (apostatic selection). To achieve this, scat analysis was performed simultaneously with prey density assessment through objective camera traps data, Random Encounter Model (REM) and selectivity analysis. The results showed that the wild Boar was the most preferred prey by the wolf, complemented by the domestic horse. The Roe deer had a smaller, close to insignificant share. The selectivity index also confirmed the wild Boar dominance in the wolf diet, which was consistent through the years and seasons. The active selection towards wild Boar was anti-apostatic in nature as the wild Boar densities were 10-times lower than those of the Roe deer. Our results differed from those obtained by a previous study in the same region in 2002–2003, where the Roe deer accounted for 71.9% of the wolf diet. This study also showed anti-apostatic selection towards smaller prey probably formed by the decrease of the wild Boar abundance in the past.

The Occurrence of Zoonotic Anaplasma phagocytophilum Strains, in the Spleen and Liver of Wild Boars from North-West and Central Parts of Poland. Myczka AW, Szewczyk T, Laskowski Z. Acta Parasitologica. 2021 Mar

Consequences of Supplementary Feeding of Wild Boar: Concern for Ground-nesting Birds and Endoparasite Infection. Oja, R., 2017

Winter severity or supplementary feeding—which matters more for wild Boar?. Oja R, Kaasik A, Valdmann H. Acta theriologica. 2014 Oct

Diet and prey selection of wolves (Canis lupus) recolonising Western and Central Poland. Nowak S, Mysłajek RW, Kłosińska A, Gabryś G. Mammalian Biology. 2011 Nov

Size and shape of the Eurasian wild Boar (Sus scrofa), with a view to the reconstruction of its Holocene history. Albarella U, Dobney K, Rowley-Conwy P. Environmental Archaeology. 2009 Oct

Reproductive and demographic parameters in two Iberian wild boarSus scrofa populations. Herrero J, García-Serrano A, García-González R. Mammal Research. 2008 Dec

Winter habitat selection by wild Boar Sus scrofa in southeastern Poland. Fonseca C. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2008 May

Wild Boar in Norway–is climate a limiting factor. Rosvold J, Andersen R. NTNU Vitesnskapsmuseet Rapp.Zool. 2008 Apr

Biogeographical variation in the population density of wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in western Eurasia. Melis C, Szafrańska PA, Jędrzejewska B, Bartoń K. Journal of biogeography. 2006 May

Population dynamics in wild Boar Sus scrofa: ecology, elasticity of growth rate and implications for the management of pulsed resource consumers. Bieber C, Ruf T. Journal of Applied Ecology. 2005 Dec

Diet of wild Boar Sus scrofa in Western Europe, with particular reference to consumption of agricultural crops. Schley L, Roper TJ. Mammal review. 2003 Mar

%d bloggers like this: