The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

North American Brown Bear (Grizzly Bear / Ursus arctos)

Wolves trigger a trophic cascade to berries as alternative food for grizzly bears. Ripple WJ, Beschta RL, Fortin JK, Robbins CT. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2015 May

Trophic cascades from wolves to grizzly bears in Yellowstone. Ripple WJ, Beschta RL, Fortin JK, Robbins CT. T Journal of Animal Ecology. 2014 Jan

 

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