The Wolf Intelligencer


Wolves in Banff National Park (Alberta, Canada)

Alberta / Wolves in National / Provincial Parks, Protected Areas, Refuges, Reserves and Forests

Wolf and Wildlife News from Banff National Park

Journal Articles

Railway mortality for several mammal species increases with train speed, proximity to water, and track curvature. Clair CC, Whittington J, Forshner A, Gangadharan A, Laskin DN.Scientific Reports. 2020 Nov


Railways are a major source of direct mortality for many populations of large mammals, but they have been less studied or mitigated than roads. We evaluated temporal and spatial factors affecting mortality risk using 646 railway mortality incidents for 11 mammal species collected over 24 years throughout Banff and Yoho National Parks, Canada. We divided species into three guilds (bears, other carnivores, and ungulates), compared site attributes of topography, land cover, and train operation between mortality and paired random locations at four spatial scales, and described temporal patterns or mortality. Mortality risk increased across multiple guilds and spatial scales with maximum train speed and higher track curvature, both suggesting problems with train detection, and in areas with high proximity to and amount of water, both suggesting limitations to animal movement. Mortality risk was also correlated, but more varied among guilds and spatial scales, with shrub cover, topographic complexity, and proximity to sidings and roads. Seasonally, mortality rates were highest in winter for ungulates and other carnivores, and in late spring for bears, respectively. Our results suggest that effective mitigation could address train speed or detectability by wildlife, especially at sites with high track curvature that are near water or attractive habitat.

Wildlife mortality on roads and railways following highway mitigation. Gilhooly PS, Nielsen SE, Whittington J, St. Clair CC. Ecosphere. 2019 Feb

Temporal road closures improve habitat quality for wildlife. Whittington J, Low P, Hunt B. Scientific reports. 2019 Mar

Assessing potential habitat and carrying capacity for reintroduction of plains Bison (Bison bison Bison) in Banff National Park. Steenweg R, Hebblewhite M, Gummer D, Low B, Hunt B. PloS one. 2016 Feb

Consequences of a refuge for the predator-prey dynamics of a wolf-Elk system in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. Goldberg JF, Hebblewhite M, Bardsley J. PloS one. 2014 Mar

Revisiting extinction in national parks: mountain caribou in Banff. Hebblewhite M, White C, Musiani M. Conservation Biology. 2010 Feb

How humans shape wolf behavior in Banff and Kootenay National Parks, Canada. Musiani M, Anwar SM, McDermid GJ, Hebblewhite M, Marceau DJ. Ecological Modelling. 2010 Sep

Multiscale wolf predation risk for Elk: does migration reduce risk?. Hebblewhite M, Merrill EH. Oecologia. 2007 May

Kortello AD, Hurd TE, Murray DL. Interactions between cougars (Puma concolor) and gray wolves (Canis lupus) in Banff National Park, Alberta. Ecoscience. 2007 Jun

‘let the line be drawn now’: Wilderness, Conservation, and the Exclusion of Aboriginal People from Banff National Park in Canada. Binnema TT, Niemi M. Environmental History. 2006 Oct

Spatial decomposition of predation risk using resource selection functions: an example in a wolf–elk predator–prey system. Hebblewhite M, Merrill EH, McDonald TL. Oikos. 2005 Oct

Human activity mediates a trophic cascade caused by wolves. Hebblewhite M, White CA, Nietvelt CG, McKenzie JA, Hurd TE, Fryxell JM, Bayley SE, Paquet PC. Ecology. 2005 Aug

Effects of Elk group size on predation by wolves. Hebblewhite M, Pletscher DH. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2002 May

Elk population dynamics in areas with and without predation by recolonizing wolves in Banff National Park, Alberta. Hebblewhite M, Pletscher DH, Paquet PC. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2002 May

Restoring a large-carnivore corridor in Banff National Park. Duke DL, Hebblewhite M, Paquet PC, Callaghan CA, Percy M. Large mammal restoration. Island Press, Washington, DC. 2001 Oct

Wolf and Elk predator-prey dynamics in Banff National Park. Hebblewhite, M., 2000.

Factors influencing the effectiveness of wildlife underpasses in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. Clevenger AP, Waltho N. Conservation Biology. 2000 Feb

The effects of highway transportation corridors on wildlife: a case study of Banff National Park. Alexander SM, Waters NM. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. 2000 Feb

Long-term ecosystem states and processes in Banff National Park and the central Canadian Rockies. Kay CE, White C, Patton B. Banff National Park, Resource Conservation; 1999 Jan

The role of Banff National Park as a protected area in the Yellowstone to Yukon Mountain Corridor of western North America. Locke H. InNational Parks and Protected Areas 1997 (pp.

Effects of linear developments on winter movements of gray wolves in the Bow River Valley of Banff National Park, Alberta. Paquet PC, Callahan C. 1996 Aug.

Effects of human activity on gray wolves in the Bow River Valley, Banff National Park, Alberta. Paquet PC, Wierzchowski J, Callaghan C. Chapter. 1996

Prey selectivity of wolves in Banff National Park. I. Prey species. Canadian Huggard DJ. Journal of Zoology. 1993 Jan

Effect of snow depth on predation and scavenging by gray wolves. Huggard DJ. The Journal of wildlife management. 1993 Apr

Prey selectivity of wolves in Banff National Park. II. Age, sex, and condition of Elk. Huggard DJ. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1993 Janshawl

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