The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

United States – Mexico Border / Wildlife Impact

Ceballos, G., H. Zarza, C. Chavez, and J. Gonzalez-Maya. 2016. Ecology and conservation of jaguar in Mexico: state of knowledge and future challenges. Pp. 273-288 in: Tropical conservation: Perspectives on local and global priorities (A. A. Aguirre and R. Sukumar, eds.). Oxford, University Press, U.S.A.

Lasky, J.R., W. Jetz, and T.H. Keitt, 2011. Conservation biogeography of the US–Mexico border: a transcontinental risk assessment of barriers to animal dispersal. Diversity and Distributions 17:673–687. doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00765.x.

List, R. 2007. The impacts of the border fence on wild mammals. Pp. 77–86 in A Barrier to our Shared Environment: The Border Wall between Mexico and the United States (A. Co´rdova and C.A. de la Parra, eds.). SEMARNAT, Instituto Nacional de Ecologı´a, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, México D.F., México.

Malcom, J.W., and L. Ya-Wei.  2015.  Data contradict common perceptions about a controversial provision of the US Endangered Species Act. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112:15844-15849.

Marris, E . 2006. Wildlife caught in crossfire of US immigration battle. Nature 442:338–339.

McCallum J.W., Rowcliffe J.M., Cuthill I.C. 2014. Conservation on international boundaries: the impact of security barriers on selected terrestrial mammals in four protected areas in Arizona, USA. PLoS ONE 9:e93679. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093679.

Quijada-Mascarañas, A., C.V. Ripper III, D.L. James, L. López-Hoffman, C. Sharp, R. Gimblett, M.L. Scott, L. M. Norman, R. Madellín, J.B, Callegary, R. List,  C.A.A. Wallace, P. Holm, E. Glenn, J. Leenhouts, T. Wsque, M. Culvert, R. Webb, R.J. Steidl, M.L. Villarreal, P. Nagler, W. Lacknner, M. Strum, R. Castillo-Gamez, y G. Ceballos. 2012. Desarrollo de un programa de monitoreo a nivel del ecosistema en muro fronterizo México-Estados Unidos. Pp. 157-177 en El muro fronterizo entre México y Estados Unidos. Espacios, instrumentos y actores para un diálogo constructivo (A. Córdova y C. A. de la Parra, eds.). El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, B.C.

Spangle, S.L. 2007. Biological opinion 22410-2007-F-0416: pedestrian fence projects at Sasabe, Nogales, and Naco-Douglas, Arizona. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Phoenix, Arizona.

Trouwborst, A., F. Fleurke, and J. Dubrulle. 2016. Border fences and their impacts on large carnivores, large herbivores and biodiversity: an international wildlife law perspective (October 4, 2016). Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law 25(3). Tilburg Law School Research Paper No. 19/2016. Available at SSRN:

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