The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) (Alopex lagopus)

Journal Articles

Chromosome‐level genome assembly of the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) using PacBio sequencing and Hi‐C technology. Peng Y, Li H, Liu Z, Zhang C, Li K, Gong Y, Geng L, Su J, Guan X, Liu L, Zhou R. Molecular Ecology Resources. 2021 Apr


The Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) is the only fox species occurring in the Arctic and has adapted to its extreme climatic conditions. Currently, the molecular basis of its adaptation to the extreme climate has not been characterized. Here, we applied PacBio sequencing and chromosome structure capture technique to assemble the first V. lagopus genome assembly, which is assembled into chromosome fragments. The genome assembly has a total length of 2.345 Gb with a contig N50 of 31.848 Mb and a scaffold N50 of 131.537 Mb, consisting of 25 pseudochromosomal scaffolds. The V. lagopus genome had approximately 32.33% repeat sequences. In total, 21,278 protein‐coding genes were predicted, of which 99.14% were functionally annotated. Compared with 12 other mammals, V. lagopus was most closely related to V. Vulpes with an estimated divergence time of ~7.1 million years ago. The expanded gene families and positively selected genes potentially play roles in the adaptation of V. lagopus to Arctic extreme environment. This high‐quality assembled genome will not only promote future studies of genetic diversity and evolution in foxes and other canids but also provide important resources for conservation of Arctic species.

Nutrient deposition on Arctic fox dens creates atypical tundra plant assemblages at the edge of the Arctic. Fafard PM, Roth JD, Markham JH. Journal of Vegetation Science. 2019 Nov
(Wapusk National Park, Manitoba, Canada)

Gastrointestinal parasites of two populations of Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) from north-east Greenland. Andreassen PN, Schmidt NM, Kapel CM, Christensen MU, Sittler B, Gilg O, Enemark HL, Al-Sabi MN. Polar Research. 2017 Sep

Homage to Hersteinsson and Macdonald: climate warming and resource subsidies cause red fox range expansion and Arctic fox decline. Elmhagen B, Berteaux D, Burgess RM, Ehrich D, Gallant D, Henttonen H, Ims RA, Killengreen ST, Niemimaa J, Norén K, Ollila T. Polar Research. 2017 Sep

A Review of Climate Change Induced Effects on Avian Prey Species and their Consequences for Arctic Fox Populations of Western Iceland. Jordan, M., 2016 Nov

Predation of Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) pups by common ravens (Corvus corax). Chevallier C, Lai S, Berteaux D. Polar Biology. 2016 Jul
(Nunavut, Canada)

“Reported predators of arctic foxes include red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), wolves (Canis lupus), wolverines (Gulogulo), grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), gyrfalcons (Falcorusticolus), golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), white-tailed eagles (Haliaee ̈tus albicilla), snowy owls (Bubo scandi-aca), jaegers (Sterconariusspp.) and large hawks (Buteospp.)”

Population limitation in a non-cyclic Arctic fox population in a changing climate. Pálsson S, Hersteinsson P, Unnsteinsdóttir ER, Nielsen ÓK. Oecologia. 2016 Apr

Vector-borne pathogens in arctic foxes, Vulpes lagopus, from Canada. Mascarelli PE, Elmore SA, Jenkins EJ, Alisauskas RT, Walsh M, Breitschwerdt EB, Maggi RG. Research in veterinary science. 2015 Apr
(Nunavut,  Canada)

Natal den selection by sympatric Arctic and red foxes on Herschel Island, Yukon, Canada. Gallant D, Reid DG, Slough BG, Berteaux D. Polar Biology. 2014 Mar
(Yukon, Canada)

Endoparasites in the feces of arctic foxes in a terrestrial ecosystem in Canada. Elmore SA, Lalonde LF, Samelius G, Alisauskas RT, Gajadhar AA, Jenkins EJ. International Journal for parasitology: parasites and wildlife. 2013 Dec
(Nunavut, Canada)

Life history traits in a cyclic ecosystem: a field experiment on the arctic fox. Meijer T, Elmhagen B, Eide NE, Angerbjörn A. Oecologia. 2013 Oct

The impact of past climate change on genetic variation and population connectivity in the Icelandic arctic fox. Mellows A, Barnett R, Dalén L, Sandoval-Castellanos E, Linderholm A, McGovern TH, Church MJ, Larson G. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2012 Nov

Arctic fox versus red fox in the warming Arctic: four decades of den surveys in north Yukon. Gallant D, Slough BG, Reid DG, Berteaux D. Polar biology. 2012 Sep
(Yukon, Canada)

From monogamy to complexity: social organization of arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) in contrasting ecosystems. Norén K, Hersteinsson P, Samelius G, Eide NE, Fuglei E, Elmhagen B, Dalén L, Meijer T, Angerbjörn A. Canadian journal of zoology. 2012 Aug

How biotic interactions may alter future predictions of species distributions: future threats to the persistence of the arctic fox in Fennoscandia. Hof AR, Jansson R, Nilsson C. Diversity and Distributions. 2012 Jun

Red fox takeover of arctic fox breeding den: an observation from Yamal Peninsula, Russia. Rodnikova A, Ims RA, Sokolov A, Skogstad G, Sokolov V, Shtro V, Fuglei E. Polar Biology. 2011 Oct

Defining flagship uses is critical for flagship selection: a critique of the IUCN climate change flagship fleet. Barua M, Root-Bernstein M, Ladle RJ, Jepson P. Ambio. 2011 Jun

Arctic fox Vulpes lagopus population structure: circumpolar patterns and processes. Norén K, Carmichael L, Dalén L, Hersteinsson P, Samelius G, Fuglei E, Kapel CM, Menyushina I, Strobeck C, Angerbjörn A. Oikos. 2011 Jun

Northern nomads: ability for extensive movements in adult arctic foxes. Tarroux A, Berteaux D, Bêty J. Polar Biology. 2010 Aug
(Bylot Island, Nunavut, Canada)

Difference in diet and age structure of blue and white Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) in the Disko Bay area, West Greenland. Pagh S, Hersteinsson P. Polar Research. 2008 Jan

Ancient DNA reveals lack of postglacial habitat tracking in the arctic fox. Dalén L, Nyström V, Valdiosera C, Germonpré M, Sablin M, Turner E, Angerbjörn A, Arsuaga JL, Götherström A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2007 Apr

Structural characteristics of a low Arctic tundra ecosystem and the retreat of the Arctic fox. Killengreen ST, Ims RA, Yoccoz NG, Bråthen KA, Henden JA, Schott T. Biological Conservation. 2007 Apr

Sea ice occurrence predicts genetic isolation in the Arctic fox. Geffen EL, Waidyaratne S, Dalén L, Angerbjörn A, Vila C, Hersteinsson P, Fuglei E, White PA, Goltsman M, Kapel CM, Wayne RK. Molecular ecology. 2007 Oct

Free love in the far north: plural breeding and polyandry of arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) on Bylot Island, Nunavut. Carmichael LE, Szor G, Berteaux D, Giroux MA, Cameron C, Strobeck C. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2007 Mar
(Bylot Island, Nunavut, Canada)

Interspecific killing of an arctic fox by a red fox at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Pamperin NJ, Follmann EH, Petersen B. Arctic. 2006 Dec
(Alaska, USA)

Genetic consequences of a demographic bottleneck in the Scandinavian arctic fox. Nyström V, Angerbjörn A, Dalén L. Oikos. 2006 Jul

Population structure in a critically endangered arctic fox population: does genetics matter?. DALÉN L, KVALØY K, LINNELL J, ELMHAGEN B, STRAND O, TANNERFELDT M, HENTTONEN H, FUGLEI E, LANDA A, ANGERBJÖRN A.Molecular Ecology. 2006
(Scandinavia and Russia)

Simultaneous den use by Arctic foxes and wolves at a den site in Nunavut, Canada. Hendrickson CJ, Samelius G, Alisauskas RT, Larivière S. Arctic. 2005 Dec
(Kangowan River, Nunavut, Canada)

Spatial organization of reproductive Arctic foxes Alopex lagopus: responses to changes in spatial and temporal availability of prey. Eide NE, Jepsen JU, Prestrud PÅ. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2004 Nov

Foraging behaviours and population dynamics of arctic foxes. Samelius G. Arctic. 2004 Jan
(Nunavut, Canada)

Variability in marine resources affects arctic fox population dynamics. Roth JD. Journal of Animal Ecology. 2003 Jul
(Manitoba, Canada)

Concentrations of selected essential and non-essential elements in arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) and wolverines (Gulo gulo) from the Canadian Arctic. Hoekstra PF, Braune BM, Elkin B, Armstrong FA, Muir DC. Science of the Total Environment. 2003 Jun
(Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Canada)

Organochlorine contaminant and stable isotope profiles in Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) from the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic. Hoekstra PF, Braune BM, O’Hara TM, Elkin B, Solomon KR, Muir DC. Environmental Pollution. 2003 Apr
(Alaska, USA; Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Canada)

Local variation in arctic fox abundance on Svalbard, Norway. Fuglei E, Øritsland NA, Prestrud P. Polar Biology. 2003 Feb

Alopex lagopus. Audet AM, Robbins CB, Larivière S. Mammalian species. 2002 Dec

Temporal variability in arctic fox diet as reflected in stable-carbon isotopes; the importance of sea ice. Roth JD. Oecologia. 2002 Sep

Rabies and canine distemper in an arctic fox population in Alaska. Ballard WB, Follmann EH, Ritter DG, Robards MD, Cronin MA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 2001 Jan
(Prudhoe Bay oil field, Alaska, USA)

Predator–prey relationships: arctic foxes and lemmings. Angerbjorn A, Tannerfeldt M, Erlinge S. Journal of Animal Ecology. 1999 Jan

Interspecific competition and the geographical distribution of red and arctic foxes Vulpes vulpes and Alopex lagopus. Hersteinsson P, Macdonald DW. Oikos. 1992 Sep

Annual, seasonal, and habitat-related variation in feeding habits of the arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) on St. Lawrence Island, Bering Sea. Fay FH, Stephenson RO. canadian Journal of Zoology. 1989 Aug
(Alaska, USA)

Physical characteristics of arctic fox (Alopex lagopus) dens in northern Yukon Territory, Smits CM, Smith CA, Slough BG. Canada. Arctic. 1988 Mar
(Herschel Island, Yukon, Canada)

Predation of ringed seal pups (Phoca hispida) by the arctic fox (Alopex lagopus). Smith TG. canadian Journal of zoology. 1976 Oct

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