The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Wolves in Bialowieża National Park and Primeval Forest (Poland)

Impact of biotic and abiotic factors on spatial distribution of ungulates in Białowieża Primeval Forest.Bubnicki, J., 2021

How do forest management and wolf space-use affect diet composition of the wolf’s main prey, the red deer versus a non-prey species, the European bison?. Churski M, Spitzer R, Coissac E, Taberlet P, Lescinskaite J, van Ginkel HA, Kuijper DP, Cromsigt JP.Forest Ecology and Management.;2021 Jan

Poland / Wolves in National / Provincial Parks, Protected Areas, Refuges, Reserves and Forests

Fossoriality in a risky landscape: badger sett use varies with perceived wolf risk. Diserens TA, Bubnicki JW, Schutgens E, Rokx K, Kowalczyk R, Kuijper DP, Churski M.Journal of Zoology. 2020 Oct

Landscape-Scale and Fine-Scale Risk Factors Interactively Influence Tree Regeneration. van Ginkel HA, Kuijper DP, Schotanus J, Smit C. Wolves and Tree Logs: Ecosystems. 2019 Jan

Management strategies alter competitive interactions and structural properties of Norway spruce in mixed stands of Bialowieża Forest, Poland. Erfanifard Y, Stereńczak K, Miścicki S. Erfanifard Y, Stereńczak K, Miścicki S. Forest Ecology and Management. 2019 Apr

Lessons from Białowieża Forest on the history of protection and the world’s first reintroduction of a large carnivore. Samojlik T, Selva N, Daszkiewicz P, Fedotova A, Wajrak A, Kuijper DP. Conservation biology. 2018 Aug  (Bears)

Is the impact of loggings in the last primeval lowland forest in Europe underestimated? The conservation issues of Białowieża Forest. Mikusiński G, Bubnicki JW, Churski M, Czeszczewik D, Walankiewicz W, Kuijper DP. Biological Conservation. 2018 Nov

Functional composition of temperate forest trees under chronic ungulate herbivory
PO Hedwall, M Churski, B Jędrzejewska, S Miścicki… – Journal of Vegetation Science 2018 Feb

Managing for naturalness alone is not an effective way to preserve all the valuable natural features of the Białowieża Forest–a reply to Jaroszewicz et al. Brzeziecki B, Drozdowski S, Żybura H, Bolibok L, Bielak K, Zajączkowski J. Journal of vegetation science. 2017 Jan

Edge effect and influence of economic growth on Eurasian lynx mortality in the Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. Kowalczyk R, Górny M, Schmidt K. Mammal Research. 2015 Jan  (Lynx)

Context dependence of risk effects: wolves and tree logs create patches of fear in an old-growth forest. Kuijper DP, Bubnicki JW, Churski M, Mols B, Van Hooft P. Behavioral Ecology. 2015 Jul

Landscape of fear in Europe: wolves affect spatial patterns of ungulate browsing in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. Kuijper DP, De Kleine C, Churski M, Van Hooft P, Bubnicki J, Jędrzejewska B. Ecography. 2013 Dec

Reproductive behaviour of wild-living wolves in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Schmidt K, Jędrzejewski W, Theuerkauf J, Kowalczyk R, Okarma H, Jędrzejewska B. Journal of Ethology. 2008 Jan

Habitat selection by ungulates in relation to predation risk by wolves and humans in the Białowieża Forest, Poland. Forest Theuerkauf J, Rouys S. Ecology and Management. 2008 Sep

Territory size of wolves Canis lupus: linking local (Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland) and Holarctic‐scale patterns. J ędrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Theuerkauf J, J ędrzejewska B, Kowalczyk R. Ecography. 2007 Feb

Activity patterns of red deer in Białowieża National Park, Poland. Kamler JF, Jędrzejewska B, Jędrzejewski W. Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 Apr

Howling activity of free-ranging wolves (Canis lupus) in the Białowieża Primeval Forest and the Western Beskidy Mountains (Poland). Nowak S, Jędrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Theuerkauf J, Mysłajek RW, Jędrzejewska B. Journal of Ethology. 2007 Sep

Group size dynamics of red deer in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. JEDRZEJEWSKI W, Spaedtke H, Kamler JF, JEDRZEJEWSKA B, Stenkewitz U. The Journal of wildlife management. 2006 Oct

Selection of den, rendezvous, and resting sites by wolves in the Bialowieza Forest, Poland. canadian Theuerkauf J, Rouys S, Jedrzejewski W. Journal of Zoology. 2003 Jan

Daily patterns and duration of wolf activity in the Białowieza Forest, Poland. Theuerkauf J, Jȩdrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Okarma H, Ruczyński I, Śniezko S, Gula R. Journal of Mammalogy. 2003 Feb

Wolf pack territory marking in the Bialowieza primeval forest (Poland). Zub K, Theuerkauf J, Jedrzejewski W, Jedrzejewska B, Schmidt K, Kowalczyk R. Behaviour. 2003 May

Spatiotemporal segregation of wolves from humans in the Białowieża Forest (Poland). Theuerkauf J, Jȩdrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Gula R.The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2003 Oct

Diet of wolves in the Bieszczady Mountains, Poland. Śmietana W, Klimek A. Acta theriologica. 1993

Kill rates and predation by wolves on ungulate populations in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Jędrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Theuerkauf J, Jędrzejewska B, Selva N, Zub K, Szymura L. Ecology. 2002 May

Daily movements and territory use by radio-collared wolves (Canis lupus) in Bialowieza Primeval Forest in Poland. Jedrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Theuerkauf J, Jedrzejewska B, Okarma H. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2001 Nov

Prey selection and predation by wolves in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. Jȩdrzejewski W, Jȩdrzejewska B, Okarma H, Schmidt K, Zub K, Musiani M. Journal of Mammalogy. 2000 Feb

Home ranges of wolves in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland, compared with other Eurasian populations. Okarma H, Jędrzejewski W, Schmidt K, Śnieżko S, Bunevich AN, Jędrzejewska B. Journal of mammalogy. 1998 Aug

Speed and actual distances travelled by radiocollared wolves in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Musiani M, Okarma H, Jędrzejewski W. Acta Theriologica. 1998

Factors shaping population densities and increase rates of ungulates in Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland and Belarus) in the 19th and 20th centuries. Jedrzejewska B, Jedrzejewski W, Bunevich AN, Milkowski L, Krasinski ZA. Acta theriologica. 1997

Population dynamics of wolves Canis lupus in Bialowieża Primeval Forest (Poland and Belarus) in relation to hunting by humans, 1847–1993. Jęodrzejewska B, Jęodrzejewski W, Bunevich AN, Minkowski L, Okarma H. Mammal Review. 1996 Jun

Effects of exploitation and protection on forest structure, ungulate density and wolf predation in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland. Jedrzejewska B, Okarma H, Jedrzejewski W, Milkowski L. Journal of applied Ecology. 1994 Nov

Effects of exploitation and protection on forest structure, ungulate density and wolf predation in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland. WSKA BJ, KARMA H, RZEJEWSKI W. Journal of Applied Ecology. 1994

Wolf predation and snow cover as mortality factors in the ungulate community of the Bialowieża National Park, Poland. Jędrzejewski W, Jędrzejewska B, Okarma H, Ruprecht AL. Oecologia. 1992 Apr

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