The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Wolves and Dogs

Attacks on hunting dogs: the case of wolf–dog interactions in Croatia. Bassi E, Pervan I, Ugarković D, Kavčić K, Maksan MT, Krofel M, Šprem N. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2021 Feb

ABSTRACT

Gray wolf (Canis lupus) populations are expanding across Europe, which leads to an increase in their interactions with people and domestic animals, including dogs. Attacks on hunting dogs are becoming a major cause for conflicts between wolves and hunters in many countries, including Croatia, where this conflict has increased dramatically in recent years. To better understand the conflict and possible causes behind the attacks, we conducted a survey among Croatian hunters to investigate the trends and characteristics of the attacks. A total of 103 hunting dogs were reported as attacked by wolves in 2010–2018 with a significantly increasing trend. The attacks were fatal for 86% of the attacked dogs and among the dogs killed, 96% were at least partly consumed by the wolves. The most frequently attacked dogs were about 3 years old (47%), males (82%), and weighing 10–20 kg (62%) and belonged to scent hounds and related breeds. In respect to the breed, dogs were not attacked randomly, but we observed significant selection for tricolor hound, while Balkan hound, the Istrian hound, and the Posavina hound were avoided according to availability. Majority (64%) of dogs were killed during drive hunts on wild boar and highest frequency of attacks was recorded in the Split–Dalmatia County. More dogs were attacked in counties with more livestock and fewer wild prey, but correlations were not significant. Results suggest that wolves likely perceived dogs as potential prey and indicate some of the potential measures that could be used to mitigate the conflict.

Intraspecific Motor and Emotional Alignment in Dogs and Wolves: The Basic Building Blocks of Dog–Human Affective Connectedness. Palagi E, Cordoni G. Animals. 2020 Feb

Dogs (Canis familiaris) and wolves (Canis lupus) coordinate with conspecifics in a social dilemma. Bräuer J, Stenglein K, Amici F. Journal of Comparative Psychology. 2019 Dec

Hunting dogs are at biggest risk to get attacked by wolves near wolves’ territory boundaries. Tikkunen M, Kojola I. Mammal Research. 2019 Oct

Big bad wolf or man’s best friend? Unmasking a false wolf aggression on humans. Caniglia R, Galaverni M, Delogu M, Fabbri E, Musto C, Randi E. Forensic science international: genetics. 2016 Sep

Patterns of exposure of Iberian wolves (Canis lupus) to canine viruses in human-dominated landscapes. Millán J, López-Bao JV, García EJ, Oleaga Á, Llaneza L, Palacios V, De La Torre A, Rodríguez A, Dubovi EJ, Esperón F. Ecohealth. 2016 Mar

Response-ability in wolf–dog conflicts. Peltola T, Heikkilä J. European journal of wildlife research. 2015 Oct

Dog eat dog, cat eat dog: social-ecological dimensions of dog predation by wild carnivores. Butler JR, Linnell JD, Morrant D, Athreya V, Lescureux N, McKeown A. Free-ranging dogs and wildlife conservation. 2014

Wolf or dog? Genetic identification of predators from saliva collected around bite wounds on prey. Sundqvist AK, Ellegren H, Vilà C. Conservation Genetics. 2008 Oct

 Wolf attacks on dogs in Scandinavia 1995–2005. Backeryd J. Ecology Institute, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Grimso. 2007

Comparative social cognition: from wolf and dog to humans. Kubinyi E, Viranyi Z, Miklósi Á. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews. 2007

Species‐specific differences and similarities in the behavior of hand‐raised dog and wolf pups in social situations with humans. Developmental Psychobiology: Gácsi M, Győri B, Miklósi Á, Virányi Z, Kubinyi E, Topál J, Csányi V. The Journal of the International Society for Developmental Psychobiology. 2005 Sep

A fresh look at the wolf-pack theory of companion-animal dog social behavior. Van Kerkhove W. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 2004 Oct

Wolf attacks on dogs in Finland. Kojola I, Kuittinen J. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2002 Jul

A comparison of bitemark injuries between fatal wolf and domestic dog attacks. Wong JK, Blenkinsop B, Sweet J, Wood RE. The Journal of forensic odonto-stomatology. 1999 Jun

Wolf and dog depredation on livestock in central Italy. Ciucci P, Boitani L. Wildlife society bulletin. 1998 Oct

Extensive interbreeding occurred among multiple matriarchal ancestors during the domestication of dogs: evidence from inter-and intraspecies polymorphisms in the D-loop region of mitochondrial DNA between dogs and wolves. Tsuda K, Kikkawa Y, Yonekawa H, Tanabe Y. Genes & genetic systems. 1997

Man, wolf, and dog. In Wolf and Man (pp. 19-30). Academic Press. Fox, M.W., 1978.

Submission: its features and function in the wolf and dog. Schenkel R. American Zoologist. 1967 May

%d bloggers like this: