The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Wolf – Non Prey Interactions

Enemies with benefits: integrating positive and negative interactions among terrestrial carnivores. Prugh LR, Sivy KJ. Ecology letters. 2020 May

ndividual Variation in Predatory Behavior, Scavenging and Seasonal Prey Availability as Potential Drivers of Coexistence between Wolves and Bears. Ordiz A, Milleret C, Uzal A, Zimmermann B, Wabakken P, Wikenros C, Sand H, Swenson JE, Kindberg J.Diversity. 2020 Sep

DIRECT OBSERVATIONS OF A WOLVERINE SCAVENGING AT AN ACTIVE GRAY WOLF KILL SITE. WALLACE, C.F., GOLLA, J.M. and ALLEN, M.L., 2020

Habitat segregation between brown bears and gray wolves in a human‐dominated landscape. Milleret C, Ordiz A, Chapron G, Andreassen HP, Kindberg J, Månsson J, Tallian A, Wabakken P, Wikenros C, Zimmermann B, Swenson JE. Ecology and Evolution. 2018 Dec

Wolf and Vultures Sympatric Presence in Europe: Ecological Benefits and Constraints. Stoynov¹, E., Vangelova, N., Zlatanova¹, D., Peshev, H., Parvanov¹, D., Delov¹, V. and Grozdanov¹, A., 2018

Fear or food–abundance of red fox in relation to occurrence of lynx and wolf. Wikenros C, Aronsson M, Liberg O, Jarnemo A, Hansson J, Wallgren M, Sand H, Bergström R. Scientific reports. 2017 Aug

Is the Wolf Presence Beneficial to Vultures in Europe. Stoynov E, Vangelova N, Zlatanova D, Peshev H, Grozdanov A, Wilpstra H, Parvanov D, Delov V. Published online on ResearchGate. DOI. 2015

Wolf interactions with non-prey. Ballard, W.B., Carbyn, L.N. and Smith, D.W., 2003

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