The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Wolf Communication

Disentangling canid howls across multiple species and subspecies: Structure in a complex communication channel. BKershenbaum A, Root-Gutteridge H, Habib B, Koler-Matznick J, Mitchell B, Palacios V, Waller S. ehavioural processes. 2016 Mar

Non-invasive acoustic detection of wolves. Suter SM, Giordano M, Nietlispach S, Apollonio M, Passilongo D. Bioacoustics. 2017 Sep

A comparison of facial color pattern and gazing behavior in canid species suggests gaze communication in gray wolves (Canis lupus). Ueda S, Kumagai G, Otaki Y, Yamaguchi S, Kohshima S. PloS one. 2014 Jun

Identifying individual wild Eastern grey wolves (Canis lupus lycaon) using fundamental frequency and amplitude of howls. Root-Gutteridge H, Bencsik M, Chebli M, Gentle LK, Terrell-Nield C, Bourit A, Yarnell RW. Bioacoustics. 2014 Jan

Improving individual identification in captive Eastern grey wolves (Canis lupus lycaon) using the time course of howl amplitudes. Root-Gutteridge H, Bencsik M, Chebli M, Gentle LK, Terrell-Nield C, Bourit A, Yarnell RW. Bioacoustics. 2014 Jan

Identifying individual wild Eastern grey wolves (Canis lupus lycaon) using fundamental frequency and amplitude of howls. Root-Gutteridge H, Bencsik M, Chebli M, Gentle LK, Terrell-Nield C, Bourit A, Yarnell RW.Bioacoustics. 2014 Jan

Wolf howling is mediated by relationship quality rather than underlying emotional stress. \Mazzini F, Townsend SW, Virányi Z, Range F. Current Biology. 2013 Sep

Group specific vocal signature in free-ranging wolf packs. Zaccaroni M, Passilongo D, Buccianti A, Dessi-Fulgheri F, Facchini C, Gazzola A, Maggini I, Apollonio M. Ethology Ecology & Evolution. 2012 Oct

The acoustic structure of wolf howls in some eastern Tuscany (central Italy) free ranging packs. Passilongo D, Buccianti A, Dessi-Fulgheri F, Gazzola A, Zaccaroni M, Apollonio M. Bioacoustics. 2010 Jan

Iberian wolf howls: acoustic structure, individual variation, and a comparison with North American populations. Palacios V, Font E, Márquez R. Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 Jun

Monitoring wolf populations using howling points combined with sign survey transects. Llaneza L, Ordiz A, Palacios V, Uzal Fernandez A. Wildlife Biology in Practice. 2005

Wolf communication. Harrington FH, Asa CS, Mech L, Boitani L. Wolves: Behavior, ecology, and conservation. 2003

Temporal changes of howling in south European wolf packs. Gazzola A, Avanzinelli E, Mauri L, Scandura M, Apollonio M. Italian Journal of Zoology. 2002 Jan

Duration and frequency of chorus howling of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi). Servín J. Acta zoológica mexicana. 2000

Individually distinct vocalizations in timber wolves, Canis lupus. Tooze ZJ, Harrington FH, Fentress JC. Animal behaviour. 1990 Oct

Chorus howling by wolves: acoustic structure, pack size and the Beau Geste effect. Harrington FH. Bioacoustics. 1989 Jan

Aggressive howling in wolves. Harrington FH. Animal Behaviour. 1987 Feb

Spectral analysis of neonatal wolf Canis lupus vocalizations. Coscia EM, Phillips DP, Fentress JC. Bioacoustics. 1991 Jan

Detection by frequency analyzer of individual wolves howling in a chorus: A preliminary report. Filibeck U, Nicoli M, Rossi P, Boscagli G. Italian Journal of Zoology. 1982 Jan

Wolf howling and its role in territory maintenance. Harrington FH, Mech LD. Behaviour. 1979 Jan

Howling at two Minnesota wolf pack summer homesites. Harrington FH, Mech LD. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1978 Sep

Ravens attracted to wolf howling. Harrington FH. The Condor. 1978 Apr

Scent-marking in wolves. Peters R, Mech LD. Wolf and Man. 1978 Jan

Wolf vocalization. Harrington FH, Mech LD. Wolf and Man. 1978 Jan

Determinants of response of wolf pups to auditory signals. Young GW, Fentress JC, Shalter MD. Behaviour. 1977 Jan

Howling as a means of communication in timber wolves. Theberge JB, Falls JB. American Zoologist. 1967 May

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