Russian Zapovedniks (Nature Preserves) & Wolves

Russia has 101 Zapovedniks (заповедник), or “nature sanctuaries.” covering approximately 330,000 square kilometers (130,000 sq mi), or about 1.4% of the country’s total area.

In addition to Zapovendniks, there are 48 National Parks in Russia covering approximately 155,672 square kilometers (60,105 sq mi).

Gray Wolves are present in many of the sanctuaries and parks.

Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve (Russian: Государственный природный заповедник «Калужские засеки»)

Biotope selectivity and movement features of wolf Canis lupus (Mammalia, Canidae) within the family home range in Kaluzhskie Zaseki Reserve. Melnik KS, Hernandez-Blanco JA, Litvinova EM, Chistopolova MD, Ogurtsov SV, Poyarkov AD. Byulleten’. Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Otdel Biologicheskii. 2007