The Wolf Intelligencer


Perception and Attidudes Toward Wolves and Wolf Recovery / Reintroduction

Visitors to national parks show positive attitudes towards recolonising wolves in the Bohemian Forest Ecosystem. Bacon S, Smith AF, Döringer S, Bečka P, Hußlein M, Porst F, Stemberg J, Heurich M. Biological Conservation. 2023 Dec


Wolves (Canis lupus) are recolonising large swathes of their former European territories after a lengthy absence. This expanding distribution brings wolves to areas of naïve human communities, inflating risks to human-wildlife coexistence. As such, understanding public attitudes and perspectives to wolf return is central to supporting human-wildlife coexistence. Wolves returned to Germany in 2000 and sporadically to Czech Republic in the 1990s, but only few studies have assessed public attitudes. No research from a protected area visitor perspective has been conducted in Europe, despite their importance for outdoor recreation and nature conservation. We conducted face-to-face surveys of visitors, administered by enumerators during 2018–2019 (n = 869) in the Bavarian Forest and Šumava National Parks, which form a transboundary protected area along the German-Czech border, where the first wolves re-established in 2015. Primarily, we applied aspects of attitude theory, focusing on the components of attitudes (ABC Model of Attitudes) to examine support for wolves from national park visitors (locally and nationally) and if the visitors’ attitudes towards wolves differ. We found substantial support for wolves recolonising Germany and Czech Republic (84.5 %), and agreement that wolves belong in these national parks (89.6 %). Attitudes varied most by country of residence, with Czech visitors more supportive than Germans. Transboundary management which recognises the human dimensions of large carnivore conservation is crucial to supporting coexistence. We highlight the importance of understanding the diverse sociocultural backgrounds across Europe which may influence attitudes towards wolves, and nature conservation areas to support long-term transboundary management policies, coexistence goals, and education.

Coexistence conservation: Reconciling threatened species and invasive predators through adaptive ecological and evolutionary approaches. Evans MJ, Weeks AR, Scheele BC, Gordon IJ, Neaves LE, Andrewartha TA, Brockett B, Rapley S, Smith KJ, Wilson BA, Manning AD. Conservation Science and Practice. 2022 Jul

Assessing key drivers of human attitudes towards large carnivores in Finland. Heikkilä, S., 2020

DECADE OF USE OF DAMAGE PREVENTION MEASURES IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. Cortés, Y., Ribeiro, S., Petrucci-Fonseca, F. and Blanco, J.C., A 2020

Avoiding negativity bias: Towards a positive psychology of human–wildlife relationships. Buijs A, Jacobs M. Ambio. 2020 Oct

Attitudes of the General Public and Hunters Towards Wolves in Latvia; Its Predictors and Changes Over Time. Žunna A, Bagrade G, Ozoliņš J.InProceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences. 2020 Aug

Wolves are back: Sociopolitical identity and opinions on management of Canis lupus. Hamilton LC, Lambert JE, Lawhon LA, Salerno J, Hartter J. Conservation Science and Practice. 2020 Apr

Attitudes toward and Knowledge about Wolves in SW German Secondary School Pupils from within and outside an Area Occupied by Wolves (Canis lupus). Randler C, Wagner A, Rögele A, Hummel E, Tomažič I. Animals. 2020 Apr

Factors affecting attitudes toward reintroduction of wolves in Japan. Sakurai R, Tsunoda H, Enari H, William FS, Uehara T, Stedman RC. Global Ecology and Conservation. 2020 Mar

Drivers of intervention use to protect domestic animals from large carnivore attacks. Eklund A, Johansson M, Flykt A, Andrén H, Frank J. Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 2020 Feb

Resident cognitions associated with branding Thompson, Manitoba as the Wolf Capital of the World. Bishop B, Vaske JJ, Bath AJ. Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 2020 Jan

HTML] Blood may buy goodwill: no evidence for a positive relationship between legal culling and poaching in Wisconsin
A Stien – Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological …, 2017

Changes in attitudes toward wolves before and after an inaugural public hunting and trapping season: early evidence from Wisconsin’s wolf range
J Hogberg, A Treves, B Shaw… – Environmental …, 2016

Tolerance of wolves in Wisconsin: a mixed-methods examination of policy effects on attitudes and behavioral inclinations
C Browne-Nuñez, A Treves, D MacFarland… – Biological …, 2015 – Elsevier

The price of tolerance: wolf damage payments after recovery. Treves A, Jurewicz RL, Naughton-Treves L, Wilcove DS. Biodiversity and Conservation. 2009 Dec

Human attitudes towards wolves, a matter of distance. Karlsson J, Sjöström M. Biological conservation. 2007 Jul

Paying for tolerance: rural citizens’ attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation. NAUGHTON‐TREVES LI, Grossberg R, Treves A. Conservation biology. 2003 Dec

Japanese peoples’ attitudes toward wolves and their reintroduction into Japan. Angeli CB, Maruyama N, Koganezawa M, Takahashi M, Chinen S. Biosphere conservation: for nature, wildlife, and humans. 1998