Wolf Prey – Elk “Wapiti” (Cervus canadensis) and (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone

Factors affecting gray wolf (Canis lupus) encounter rate with elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park
H.W. Martin,*a L.D. Mech,b J. Fieberg,a M.C. Metz,c D.R. MacNulty,d D.R. Stahler,e D.W. Smithe; Journal of Zoology, 2018 – NRC Research Press

Yellowstone wolf (Canis lupus) density predicted by elk (Cervus elaphus) biomass;LD Mech, S Barber-Meyer – Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2015 – NRC Research Press

Factors affecting elk (Cervus elaphus) encounter rate by gray wolves (Canis lupus) in Yellowstone National Park
H Martin – 2016 – conservancy.umn.edu

Wolves influence elk movements: behavior shapes a trophic cascade in Yellowstone National Park. Fortin D, Beyer HL, Boyce MS, Smith DW, Duchesne T, Mao JS. Ecology. 2005 May