The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Elk “Wapiti” (Cervus canadensis) (Cervus elaphus) – Yellowstone

An Assessment of Eberhardt’s Ratio-Dependent Wolf-Ungulate Model. Hatter I. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity. 2018 Oct

Factors affecting gray wolf (Canis lupus) encounter rate with elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park. Martin HW, Mech LD, Fieberg J, Metz MC, MacNulty DR, Stahler DR, Smith DW. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2018 May

Yellowstone wolf (Canis lupus) density predicted by elk (Cervus elaphus) biomass; LD Mech, S Barber-Meyer – Canadian Journal of Zoology, 2015 – NRC Research Press

Factors affecting elk (Cervus elaphus) encounter rate by gray wolves (Canis lupus) in Yellowstone National Park H Martin – 2016

Time and space in general models of antipredator response: tests with wolves and elk. Creel S, Winnie Jr JA, Christianson D, Liley S. Animal Behaviour. 2008 Oct

Wolves influence elk movements: behavior shapes a trophic cascade in Yellowstone National Park. Fortin D, Beyer HL, Boyce MS, Smith DW, Duchesne T, Mao JS. Ecology. 2005 May

Cottonwoods, elk, and wolves in the Lamar Valley of Yellowstone National Park. Beschta RL. Ecological Applications. 2003 Oct

Assessing the impact of wolves on ungulate prey. Eberhardt LL, Garrott RA, Smith DW, White PJ, Peterson RO. Ecological Applications. 2003 Jun

Winter severity and wolf predation on a formerly wolf-free elk herd. Mech LD, Smith DW, Murphy KM, MacNulty DR. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 2001 Oct

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