The Wolf Intelligencer

"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it hitched to everything else in the Universe." John Muir

Biology, Physiology, and Pathology

Re-Emergence and Spread of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia in Germany: The Wolf as a Vector?. Kutzer P, Szentiks CA, Bock S, Fritsch G, Magyar T, Schulze C, Semmler T, Ewers C. Microorganisms. 2021 Sep

ABSTRACT

Since 2010, outbreaks of haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) caused by Pasteurella (P.) multocida capsular type B (PmB) emerged in Germany. In 2017, we noticed a close spatiotemporal relationship between HS outbreak sites and wolf (Canis lupus) territories. Thus, the main objectives of our study were to investigate the molecular epidemiology of German PmB-HS-isolates and to assess the role of wolves as putative vectors of this pathogen. We collected 83 PmB isolates from HS outbreaks that occurred between 2010 and 2019 and sampled 150 wolves, which were found dead in the years 2017 to 2019, revealing another three PmB isolates. A maximum-likelihood-based phylogeny of the core genomes of 65 PmB-HS-isolates and the three PmB-wolf-isolates showed high relatedness. Furthermore, all belonged to capsular:LPS:MLST genotype B:L2:ST122RIRDC and showed highly similar virulence gene profiles, but clustered separately from 35 global ST122RIRDC strains. Our data revealed that German HS outbreaks were caused by a distinct genomic lineage of PmB-ST122 strains, hinting towards an independent, ongoing epidemiologic event. We demonstrated for the first time, that carnivores, i.e., wolves, might harbour PmB as a part of their oropharyngeal microbiota. Furthermore, the results of our study imply that wolves can carry the pathogen over long distances, indicating a major role of that animal species in the ongoing epidemiological event of HS in Germany.

Tapeworm Species in Genetically Characterised Grey Wolves Recolonising Central Europe. Juránková J, Hulva P, Bolfíková BČ, Hrazdilová K, Frgelecová L, Daněk O, Modrý D. Identification of Acta Parasitologica. 2021 Feb

Environmental Exposure of Wild Carnivores to Zoonotic Pathogens: Leptospira Infection in the First Free Living Wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) Found Dead in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region. Bregoli M, Pesaro S, Ustulin M, Vio D, Beraldo P, Galeotti M, Cocchi M, Lucchese L, Bertasio C, Boniotti MB, Lapini L. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 Jan

Dirofilaria immitis in wolves recolonizing northern Italy: are wolves competent hosts?. PMoroni B, Rossi L, Meneguz PG, Orusa R, Zoppi S, Robetto S, Marucco F, Tizzani P.arasites & Vectors. 2020 Dec

Correlates of parasites and pseudoparasites in wolves (Canis lupus) across continents: A comparison among Yellowstone (USA), Abruzzo (IT) and Mercantour (FR) national parks. Molnar B, Ciucci P, Mastrantonio G, Betschart B. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. 2019 Dec

Dual infection with an emergent strain of canine distemper virus and canine parvovirus in an Arctic wolf under managed care, Justin M. Stilwell, Eman Anis, Rebecca P. Wilkes, Daniel R. Rissi1, Journal of Veterinary…2019 May

Dental and temporomandibular joint pathology of the grey wolf (Canis lupus). Döring S, Arzi B, Winer JN, Kass PH, Verstraete FJ. Journal of comparative pathology. 2018 Apr

Confirmation of Echinococcus canadensis G8 and G10 in Idaho Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) and Cervids; JR Cerda, LR Ballweber – Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2018 Apr

Potential role of wolf (Canis lupus) as passive carrier of European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV); M Irene, S Vittorio, R Serena, SB Sanchez, E Carella… – Research in Veterinary …,2018 Apr

Recolonizing gray wolves increase parasite infection risk in their prey. Lesniak I, Heckmann I, Franz M, Greenwood AD, Heitlinger E, Hofer H, Krone O. Ecology and evolution. 2018 Feb

Tricho-taxonomy of hair of grey wolf Canis lupus (Linnaeus, 1758) [Canidae: Carnivora: Mammalia].;K Manokaran, V Duraikannu – Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 2018

Surrogate hosts: Hunting dogs and recolonizing grey wolves share their endoparasites; I Lesniak, M Franz, I Heckmann, AD Greenwood… – International Journal for …, 2017 Dec

Neospora DP Moore, MC Venturini – Parasitic Protozoa of Farm Animals and Pets, 2017 Nov

Analysis and comparison of the wolf microbiome under different environmental factors using three different data of Next Generation Sequencing; X Wu, H Zhang, J Chen, S Shang, J Yan, Y Chen… – Scientific Reports, 2017 Sep

Patterns of integration in the canine skull: an inside view into the relationship of the skull modules of domestic dogs and wolves; S Curth, MS Fischer, K Kupczik – Zoology, 18 August 2017

Characterization and minimization of the stress response to trapping in free-ranging wolves (Canis lupus): insights from physiology and behavior; Nuno Santos ORCID Icon, Helena Rio-Maior, Mónia Nakamura, Sara Roque, Ricardo Brandão & Francisco Álvares; The International Journal on the Biology of Stress; 2017 Aug

Mycobacterium caprae transmission to free-living grey wolves (Canis lupus) in the Bieszczady Mountains in Southern Poland. Orłowska B, Augustynowicz-Kopeć E, Krajewska M, Zabost A, Welz M, Kaczor S, Anusz K. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2017 Feb

HISTOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE GREY WOLF (CANIS LUPUS) STOMACH
E Sapundzhiev, P Zahariev, S Stoyanov – APPLICABILITY OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTION 2017

Patterns of exposure of Iberian wolves (Canis lupus) to canine viruses in human-dominated landscapes. Millán J, López-Bao JV, García EJ, Oleaga Á, Llaneza L, Palacios V, De La Torre A, Rodríguez A, Dubovi EJ, Esperón F. Ecohealth. 2016 Mar

Energetic costs of mange in wolves estimated from infrared thermography. Cross, P.C., E.S. Almberg, C.G. Haase, P.J. Hudson, S.K. Ma­loney, M.C. Metz, A.J. Munn, P. Nugent, O. Putzeys, D.R. Stahler, A.C. Stewart, and D.W. Smith. 2016

Echinococcus species from red foxes, corsac foxes, and wolves in Mongolia. Ito A, Chuluunbaatar G, Yanagida T, Davaasuren A, Sumiya B, Asakawa M, Ki T, Nakaya K, Davaajav A, Dorjsuren T, Nakao M. Parasitology. 2013 Nov

Sarcoptic mange found in wolves in the Rocky Mountains in western United States. Jimenez MD, Bangs EE, Sime C, Asher VJ.  Journal of wildlife diseases. 2010 Oct

Physical Characteristics, Hematology, and Serum Chemistry of Freeranging Gray Wolves, Canis lupus, in Southcentral Alaska. Butler MJ, Ballard WB, Whitlaw HA. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 2006

Color patterns among wolves in western North America. Gipson PS, Bangs EE, Bailey TN, Boyd DK, Cluff HD, Smith DW, Jiminez MD. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 2002 Sep

Traumatic, degenerative, and developmental lesions in wolves and coyotes from Saskatchewan. Wobeser G. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 1992 Apr

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