Mongolian wolf (Canis lupus chanco)

Le dernier loup - Les coulisses - l'entraînement des loups 2
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Mongolian Wolf (Canis lupus chanco)

Common Names: саарал чоно, “Chono”

Overall population: unknown

Physical description:
“The fur fulvous, on the back longer, rigid, with intermixed black and grey hairs; the throat, chest, belly, and inside of the legs pure white; head pale gray-brown; forehead grizzled with short black and grey hairs. Hab. Chinese Tartary. Called Chanco. The skull is very similar to, and has the same teeth as, the European wolf (C. lupus). The animal is very like the Common Wolf, but rather shorter on the legs; and the ears, the sides of the body, and outside of the limbs are covered with short, pale fulvous hairs. The length of its head and body are 42 in (110 cm); tail 15 in (38 cm).”
Gray, J. E. (1863). “Notice of the Chanco or Golden Wolf (CANIS CHANCO) from Chinese Tartary”. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 94.

Original range – Mongolia, northern and central China, Korea
Current range – Mongolia, northern and central China, Korea. Expansion into the Üssüri Müren region of Russia. Bounded in the east by the Altai mountains/Tien shan mountains with the Eurasion Wolf (Canis lupus lupus) and in the south by the Tibetan Plateau with Himalayan/Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus filchneri).

Habitat / Ecology / Prey:
Habitat –
Ecology –
Prey – saiga antelope (Saiga tatarica), Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa; Russian: Дзерэн), Mongolian wild horse “Przewalski’s horse” (Equus ferus przewalskii; Khalkha Mongolian: тахь, takhi; Ak Kaba Tuvan: [daɣə//daɢə] dagy), Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica), argali (Ovis ammon)

Unique behaviors:

Legal and Cultural Background:


The Nature Conservancy (Тосон Hulstai байгалийн нөөц газар, Mongolia)
Wildlife Conservation Society – Mongolia (Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia )
Зэрлэг амьтан хамгаалах нийгэмлэг – Монгол
WWF: Нүүр хуудас
World Wildlife Fund – Mongolia
Nomadic Nature Conservation
International Takhi-Group Wolf Research
Улсын Тахь Группээс

Taxonomic/Genetic Information:


Further Reading

Journal / Scientific Publications:

Corrigendum to: Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the South Gobi, Mongolia
TN Mijiddorj, JS Alexander, G Samelius, R Badola… – Wildlife Research, 2018 – CSIRO

Phylogenetic evidence for the ancient Himalayan wolf: towards a clarification of its taxonomic status based on genetic sampling from western Nepal
G Werhahn, H Senn, J Kaden… – Royal Society …, 2017 –

Desert pastoralists’ negative and positive effects on rare wildlife in the Gobi
LS Ekernas, WM Sarmento, HS Davie… – Conservation …, 2017 – Wiley Online Library

Wearing a wolf’s ankle bone on the belt and showing one’s virility. Analysis of a Buddhist concept of «life force»(hiimor’) among Mongolian hunters.
B Charlier – Eprouver le religieux/Sensing religion, 2015 –

Measuring and mapping the influence of landscape factors on livestock predation by wolves in Mongolia
HS Davie, JD Murdoch, A Lhagvasuren… – Journal of Arid …, 2014 – Elsevier

Echinococcus species from red foxes, corsac foxes, and wolves in Mongolia
A Ito, G Chuluunbaatar, T Yanagida, A Davaasuren… – Parasitology, 2013 –

Wolves in Trans-Himalayas: 165 years of taxonomic confusion
S Shrotriya, S Lyngdoh, B Habib – Current Science, 2012 – JSTOR

Two temporalities of the Mongolian wolf hunter
B Charlier – Space and Time in Languages and Cultures …, 2012 –

Jiang Rong’s Wolf Totem: Toward a Narrative Ecology of the Grassland of Contemporary Inner Mongolia
J Varsava – Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and …, 2011 –

Wolf predation among reintroduced przewalski horses in Hustai National Park, Mongolia
C Van Duyne, E Ras, AEW De Vos… – The Journal of …, 2009 – Wiley Online Library

[PDF] National Pedigree Book of Tibetan Wolf (Canis lupus chanco)
A Srivastav, P Nigam – New Delhi, India: Wildlife Institute of India …, 2009 –

The Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area in Mongolia-refuge or sink for wolves Canis lupus in the Gobi
P Kaczensky, N Enkhsaikhan, O Ganbaatar, C Walzer – Wildlife Biology, 2008 – BioOne

Seasonal fluctuations of the wolf diet in the Hustai National Park (Mongolia)
JPM Hovens, K Tungalaktuja – Mammalian Biology, 2005 – Elsevier

[PDF] Rangelands of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National Conservation Park, Mongolia.
DJ Bedunah, SM Schmidt – Rangelands Archives, 2000 –